Georgia

Georgia regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Georgia’s Criminal Code includes general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions for hate crimes, as well as substantive offences. Georgia’s data do not report cases of discrimination and persecution separately. The Information-Analytical Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Central Administration of Prosecutors of the Ministry of Justice, the Statistical Office and the Supreme Court all collect hate crime statistics.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 22 5 5
2014 19 7 8
2013 Not available Not available Not available
2012 13 5 Not available
2011 19 1 Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault500
Damage to property900
Theft/ robbery100
Threats/ threatening behaviour100
Unspecified600

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 22 crimes motivated by anti-religious bias without differentiation by faith.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes persecution and illegal interference in performing religious rites.

As divided by bias motivation:

National developments

Georgia introduced a new article into the criminal code to include public incitement to violence. The Human Rights Protection Unit of the Chief Prosecutor's Office of Georgia has elaborated a recommendation regarding the application of Article 53 §3(1) of the Criminal Code of Georgia that prescribes the commission of crimes with bias motive as an aggravating circumstance of criminal liability. The recommendation concerned issues such as the qualification of hate crimes, the investigation process and the collection of evidence and relevant statistical data. The recommendation was considered and evaluated by experts from the European Union and was disseminated among the employees of the Prosecutor's Office. Georgian authorities reported positive trends in investigation and prosecution statistics were visible following its dissemination.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Bias against Muslims100
Bias against Christians and members of other religions13414
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity621
Total20615
Grand Total41

Reports

Bias against Muslims

  • The Analytical Center for Interethnic Cooperation and Consultations (ACICC) reported an incident in which local Christian and Muslim communities clashed over ownership of a disputed building, resulting in injuries to three members of the Muslim community.
    read more ›

Bias against Christians and members of other religions

  • The Heinrich Böll Foundation (HBF), Jehovah's Witnesses – Georgia and the Human Rights Education and Monitoring Center (EMC) reported one physical assault on Jehovah's Witnesses carried out by a group. The HBF and the EMC reported an additional physical assault that involved damage to property; and two threats. The HBF, the EMC and the UNHCR reported two incidents of damage to property targeting Jehovah Witnesses’ places of worship. Jehovah's Witnesses – Georgia reported 11 physical assaults, including one in which stones were thrown at the victims; two threats; two burglaries; seven cases of damage to property; and three incidents of vandalism.
    read more ›

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • The Heinrich Böll Foundation (HBF) and the Women’s Initiatives Supporting Group (WISG) reported two physical assaults, one consisting of an attack by a group on a gay couple and the second involving the use of a weapon to stab a transgender sex worker, leaving the victim with serious injuries. The HBF reported four additional physical assaults on gay men; two incidents of threats, one of which targeted an LGBT rights organization; and an arson attack against the offices of the same organization.
    read more ›

IGO information

Racism and xenophobia, Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Georgian authorities supported recommendations to address hate crimes motivated by bias related to sexual orientation or gender identity and to develop training programmes on hate crimes for police and judges, which the authorities consider already implemented or in the process of implementation. The Georgian authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to establish a specialized police unit for investigating hate crimes and to increase the powers of the public defender's office.

  • The Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, in his "Update on the human rights situation," recommended adequately identifying, qualifying, investigating and prosecuting hate crimes, including those on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity; and acknowledged the recommendations on hate crimes issued by Georgia’s chief prosecutor.

Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Muslims, Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • In its fourth report on Georgia, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended the creation of a unified hate crime database, the creation of a police unit specialized in hate crime, and that training programmes for law enforcement officials and the judiciary be augmented and include information on hate crime against LGBT people. ECRI also called for the effective investigation and prosecution of all hate crime cases, notably hate crimes against Muslims.

Racism and xenophobia

  • In its "Concluding observations on the sixth to eighth periodic reports of Georgia", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that all hate crimes be thoroughly investigated, prosecuted and punished appropriately, with victims receiving appropriate compensation.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Georgia has not made public reliable data and statistics on hate crimes.