Belgium

Belgium regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Belgium’s Criminal Code includes several penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. The data reported to ODIHR do not present cases of hate crime, incitement to hatred and discrimination separately. Hate crime data are collected by law enforcement agencies, the Prosecutor’s Office and the Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism (CEOOR).

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015 Not available Not available Not available
2014 Not available Not available Not available
2013   375 822 45
2012   615 893 66
2011   1152 865 75
2010   815 860 Not available
2009   1198 974 Not available

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia002
Anti-Semitism1101
Bias against Muslims5114
Bias against Christians and members of other religions003
Bias against LGBT people400
Total201110
Grand Total41

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The Collective against Islamophobia in Belgium (CCIB) reported an incident in which a Palestinian restaurant was vandalized; the damage included swastika graffiti. Antisemitisme.be reported one incident of graffiti.

Anti-Semitism
  • Antisemitisme.be reported a physical assault causing serious injury; a physical assault carried out by a group against an Israeli football fan; two additional physical assaults targeting people visibly identifiable as Jewish; one robbery, which was a part of the harassment over several months of a Jewish student; and an incident in which five Stolpersteine, stones commemorating Holocaust victims, were covered in red paint.

  • The Kantor Center reported six cases of anti-Semitic violence.

Bias against Muslims
  • Racism Islamophobia Watch (ORIW) reported an incident of physical violence targeting a twelve year old child, who was slapped by an educator for refusing to eat pork; and a series of threatening envelopes containing white substance sent to two mosques and a regional centre for integration.

  • SETA reported three incidents of threats, including two threatening letters and the delivery of suspicious powder in the mail.

  • The Collective against Islamophobia in Belgium (CCIB) reported four physical assaults, including one in which a knife and a firearm were used, and two others in which pedestrians were hit by a car; five threats; three incidents of graffiti; and the desecration of a mosque in which severed pig heads were found in the backyard.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported three incidents of vandalism to churches, one of which involved graffiti.

Bias against LGBT people
  • ILGA-Europe and Cavaria reported four physical assaults, including one in which a firearm was used against a gay couple and one in which a gay man was attacked by a group.

IGO information

No information is available.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See and the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe reported the case of a bias-motivated murder of an elderly woman in a church. Belgian authorities confirmed that the case is under prosecution and that no bias motive had been registered.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Belgium has not periodically reported reliable information and statistics on hate crimes to ODIHR.