Finland

Finland regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Finland's hate crime laws consist of a general penalty-enhancement provision. Reported police data include discrimination and defamation offences, although these can be disaggregated. Data on the numbers of prosecutions and sentenced cases are only reported for discrimination cases. Hate crime data are collected by the Police University College of Finland's Research Department, the Interior Ministry, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and Statistics Finland. Finland conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 880 55 21
2017 1497 63 37
2016 1311 N/A N/A
2015 1704 Not available Not available
2014 954 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

A total of 1,300 hate crimes were originally reported to ODIHR. The number of individual crime reports was 910, as one crime report can include several hate crimes. This number included cases of ethnic agitation, defamation and discrimination, which were removed and are not presented here. With the consent of the Roma community, hate crime against Roma people has been included as a category separate from Racism and Xenophobia.

National developments

The authorities have been implementing the National Action Plan on Fundamental and Human Rights for 2017–2019, which includes projects on hate crimes and hate speech.

The Ministry of the Interior has designed a new Police Preventive Work Strategy, which sets hate crime as a priority. The National Police Board is currently developing an Action Plan to implement the strategy, including measures against hate crime.

The Ministry of Justice has continued implementing an EU-funded project, "Against Hate". One of the main objectives of the project is to further develop the national reporting mechanisms, especially regarding statistics on the prosecution and sentencing of hate crime. The project also aims to enhance the capacity of the police, prosecutors and judges to counteract hate crime and hate speech, and to develop support services for victims of hate crime. 

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Finland has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting.