Finland

Finland regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Finland's hate crime laws consist of a general penalty-enhancement provision. Reported police data include discrimination and defamation offences, although these can be disaggregated. Data on the numbers of prosecutions and sentenced cases are only reported for discrimination cases. Hate crime data are collected by the Police University College of Finland's Research Department, the Interior Ministry, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and Statistics Finland. Finland conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   1704 Not available Not available
2014   954 Not available Not available
2013   904 Not available Not available
2012   836 38 12
2011   1418 29 12
2010   1407 38 Not available
2009   1580 41 Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaPhysical assault578
Damage to property161
Disturbance of the peace42
Threats/ threatening behaviour196
Unspecified379
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault78
Damage to property15
Disturbance of the peace2
Threats/ threatening behaviour34
Unspecified42
Bias against LGBT peoplePhysical assault37
Threats/ threatening behaviour18
Unspecified27
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault33
Damage to property2
Disturbance of the peace3
Threats/ threatening behaviour13
Unspecified44

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 1,356 racist and xenophobic hate crimes.

The figure presented here covers the following grounds: "race/colour", "ethnicity/national origin, citizenship and language".

As divided by type of crime:

Finland reported 171 crimes committed with an anti-religious bias.

Hate crimes reported under this category cover all anti-religious hate crime, without disaggregation by faith.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 82 hate crimes based on bias against LGBT people.

Official data were reported separately for LGB and transgender hate crime but are presented together here.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 95 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

This category also includes attempted assaults and attempted homicides.

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes 'vandalism'.

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes "disturbance of domestic peace."

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

National developments

In order to increase the reporting of racist crimes, various awareness raising campaigns have been conducted in the framework of the "2012-2015 Internal Security Programme." The programme also initiated surveys among people of immigrant origin in order to gain information about their sense of security in the country. Finland is also part of a European Union project that aims at developing an EU model of good practice to counter racial and religious hate crime and hate speech, and that addresses effective systems to report on hate crime through capacity building for law-enforcement and ethnic communities.

The newly published "National Action Plan for the Prevention of Violent Radicalisation and Extremism" made a connection between hate crime and extremism, and commits to develop better mechanisms to counter the problem.

Finland signed a Memorandum of Understanding with ODIHR to implement the Training against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme.

Civil society information

No information is available.

IGO information

No information is available.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Finland has not reported information on the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases to ODIHR.