Netherlands

The Netherlands have reported hate crime data to ODIHR. The Netherlands' Criminal Code contains no hate crime provision. The framework for hate crime investigation and prosecution is set by guidance from the Office of the Public Prosecutor. Authorities primarily responsible for hate crime data collection are the National Police and the National Expertise Centre on Discrimination of the Office of the Public Prosecutor. Police statistics are published annually. The Central Bureau of Statistics conducts annual crime victimization surveys.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 5288 Not available Not available
2014 5721 133 87
2013 3614 83 89
2012 3292 114 Not available
2011 2802 169 Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaUnspecified221500
Anti-SemitismUnspecified42800
Bias against MuslimsUnspecified43900
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsUnspecified46200
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identityUnspecified157400
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsUnspecified6100
UnspecifiedUnspecified10900

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 2,215 racist and xenophobic incidents. Figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 428 anti-Semitic hate crimes. The figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 439 hate crimes motivated by intolerance against Muslims. The figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 462 anti-religious hate crimes. The figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 1,574 crimes motivated by bias against LGBT people. The figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 61 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities. The figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 109 crimes based on gender. The figures include cases of hate speech and discrimination.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

National developments

The Anne Frank House was granted access to the database of police crime reports in order to identify hate crimes and other discriminatory crimes, and to publicize this information. The resulting annual Monitoring Report provides an authoritative overview of hate crimes recorded by the police.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia002
Anti-Semitism6029
Bias against Muslims4219
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity510
Total15350
Grand Total68

Reports

Racism and xenophobia

  • The Israel Information and Documentation Centre reported two incidents of vandalism.
    read more ›

Anti-Semitism

  • The Israel Information and Documentation Center reported one attempted murder; five physical assaults, including one that caused serious injuries and another that involved damage to property; four cases of damage to property; 23 incidents of vandalism, 16 of which involved graffiti; and one incident of the desecration of graves. The Israel Information and Documentation Center and the European Center for Democracy Development reported one incident of vandalism that involved the use of anti-Semitic stickers.
    read more ›

Bias against Muslims

  • SETA and Turkish Forum Netherlands reported one physical assault on a Muslim woman. SETA also reported one incident of graffiti targeting a number of houses. Turkish Forum Netherlands reported three physical assaults carried out by large groups, two of which targeted women; two threats; four arson attacks targeting mosques, one shop and the building housing a Turkish association; eight incidents of damage to property, four of which targeted mosques; five incidents of graffiti, and one incident of desecration. 
    read more ›

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • ILGA-Europe and COC Nederland reported five physical assaults on LGBT people, including one incident involving extortion, two carried out by groups, one incident involving the use of a weapon and two incidents causing serious injuries. The victims included four gay men and one transgender woman. A further incident of threats to a transgender woman from Syria was reported.
    read more ›

IGO information

Racism and xenophobia

  • In its "Concluding observations on the combined nineteenth to twenty-first periodic reports of the Netherlands", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended introducing racist motivation as an aggravating circumstance in criminal legislation. CERD also suggested that national authorities consider simplifying the legal requirements to punish hate crimes.

  • Following its mission to the Netherlands, the United Nations Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent encouraged the adoption of legislation that imposes higher penalties for hate crimes and expressed concern that hate crimes are under-reported and under-prosecuted. It also recommended that the scope of data collected on hate crimes should be expanded, including by offering more victim surveys.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that the Netherlands have not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.