Italy regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Italy's Criminal Code contains general penalty-enhancement and substantive offence provisions. Hate crime data are collected by law enforcement authorities and the Ministry of Interior. Data are not made publicly available.
As part of the national strategy to prevent and combat discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, covering the 2013-2015 period, National Office against Racial Discrimination (UNAR) organized two training courses (training-of-trainers) for 28 National Police and 28 Carabinieri officers.
Furthermore, a 2013-2015 national action plan against racism, xenophobia and intolerance has been developed and is pending final approval by the competent political bodies.
The Ministry of Interior's Department of Public Security continued implementing the ODIHR-sponsored TAHCLE programme. Selected public security officials and 15 Carabinieri officers were trained as trainers and an additional 100 police superintendents and 60 Carabinieri officers were directly trained by ODIHR.
In follow-up to TAHCLE, and as part of a large-scale training campaign, a number of trainings courses for law enforcement and Carabinieri were organized, addressing issues of discrimination and hate crimes. The courses are five teaching hours long and address operational aspects of police work. About 1,850 police officers, including border police officers, were trained.
Incidents reported by civil society, international organizations and the Holy See
Lunaria reported 37 incidents of physical assault, of which 21 caused serious injuries requiring medical attention and three were carried out by groups; six attacks by groups against groups of victims, including four incidents where residences were attacked, and one incident of robbery committed by a group, during which the victim was also stoned. Lunaria also reported two arson attacks on lodgings for immigrants, one incident in which firecrackers were thrown inside a settlement for refugees, one incident in which gunshots were fired towards a refugee centre, 11 incidents of threats, and one incident of graffiti.read more ›
World Without Nazism reported one incident of anti-Roma graffiti.read more ›
The Observatory for anti-Semitism and Lunaria reported a series of threatening incidents occurring in the days surrounding Holocaust Remembrance Day on 27 January, in which pigs' heads were sent to six Jewish institutions and activists. Lunaria reported a physical assault on a Maghrebin man who was presumed to be Jewish. The Observatory for anti-Semitism reported five incidents of graffiti, including a series of Holocaust-denying graffiti in the days surrounding 27 January.read more ›
Lunaria reported one physical assault against an Eritrean man, during which anti-Muslim insults were used, and one incident of threats targeting a municipal official because of her faith, leading to her decision to leave Italy.read more ›
The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported the attempted murder of a Christian Nigerian woman, one incident of damage to a church and an arson attack on a nativity scene.read more ›
World Without Nazism reported one homophobic physical assault.read more ›
The UN Universal Periodic Review Working Group recommended in its report that authorities reinforce measures to combat attacks against minority groups, by emphasizing prevention of and follow-up on these acts.
Holy See information
The Holy See reported five incidents of the desecration of cemeteries, four incidents of burglaries or thefts in churches in which communion bread was stolen, and three cases of vandalism. The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) also reported one of these thefts and one of the incidents of vandalism. The Holy See additionally reported two incidents of graffiti and one incident of damage to property. The Italian authorities reported that bias motivation could not be confirmed in any of the incidents.
ODIHR observes that Italy has not reported the numbers of prosecuted and information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.