France

France regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. France's hate crime laws are a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Justice, the National Institution for Human Rights, the police and the Gendarmerie. Hate crime data are regularly published by the National Institution for Human Rights. France conducts regular surveys of hate crime victimization.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2016 1835 Not available 583
2015 1790 Not available Not available
2014 1662 Not available 554
2013 1765 579 Not available
2012 2357 604 550

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

In the framework of the "Action Plan against Racism and Anti-Semitism 2015-2017," a circular was published on 4 December 2015. This circular instructed prosecutors to request sentences that include an educational component as part of perpetrator's sentences.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported one incident of physical assault, which was also reported by the Observatory of Christianophobia (OC). The Holy See also reported 22 incidents of vandalism, including 21 reported by the OC and eight reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC); seven incidents of graffiti, six of which were also reported by the OC and two also reported by the OIDC.

    The Holy See reported an additional 27 thefts, 21 of which were reported by the OC and five reported by the OIDC; five incidents of the desecration of churches, of which the OC reported on four and the OIDC one; 30 incidents of the desecration of graves, including five reported by the OIDC; two incidents of damage to property; 15 incidents of actual or attempted arson, of which the OC reported 14 and the OIDC six; one threat; and four incidents of hacking.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that France has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias motivations have not been reported.