Canada

Canada regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Canada's hate crime laws are a combination of a substantive offence and a general penalty-enhancement provision. Police-reported hate crime data are collected by Statistics Canada, the national statistical agency. Hate crime statistics are regularly published. Canada conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2016 1409 Not available Not available
2015 1362 Not available Not available
2014 1295 Not available Not available
2013 1140 Not available Not available
2012 1414 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

While one hate crime can involve several separate criminal offences, the breakdown below only includes the most severe violation identified in each incident.

The breakdown below excludes 68 crimes of "public incitement to hatred" and "advocating genocide", which fall outside the OSCE's definition of hate crime, which were also reported.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Canada has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.