Canada

Canada regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Canada’s hate crime laws are a combination of a substantive offence and a general penalty-enhancement provision. Police-reported hate crime data are collected by the national statistical agency, Statistics Canada. Due to Canada’s reporting cycle, the most recent hate crime figures available cover the year preceding the reporting year. They are generally released in the summer. Hate crime statistics are regularly published. Canada conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2016 Not available Not available Not available
2015 1362 Not available Not available
2014 1295 Not available Not available
2013 1140 Not available Not available
2012 1414 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported two incidents of theft that also involved the desecration of liturgical objects and communion bread; five incidents of vandalism, three of which involved graffiti on church buildings; one incident of damage to church property; and one incident of the desecration of graves.The Canadian authorities reported that they were not able to verify these incidents due to personal data protection regulations.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Canada has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.