Canada

Canada regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Canada’s hate crime laws are a combination of a substantive offence and a general penalty-enhancement provision. Police-reported hate crime data are collected by the national statistical agency, Statistics Canada. Due to Canada’s reporting cycle, the most recent hate crime figures available cover the year preceding the reporting year. They are generally released in the summer. Hate crime statistics are regularly published. Canada conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015 Not available Not available Not available
2014 1295 Not available Not available
2013 1140 Not available Not available
2012 1414 Not available Not available
2011 1322 Not available Not available
2010 1401 Not available Not available
2009 1473 Not available Not available

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia002
Anti-Semitism3413
Bias against Muslims12519
Total46624
Grand Total76

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The National Council of Canadian Muslims (NCCM) reported a case of vandalism targeting Muslims and Syrian refugees. B'nai Brith reported a further case of vandalism, in which a swastika was drawn on a bridge.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Kantor Center reported 32 incidents of physical violence.

  • B'nai Brith and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported one incident in which cars were spray-painted with swastikas and threatening messages, and had envelopes containing bullets placed on the windshields. B'nai Brith reported two physical assaults, including one in which a Jewish volunteer was attacked by a group and one that targeted a Hasidic man; one incident of threats involving a firearm; and two incidents of vandalism in which mezuzahs, Jewish symbols on private homes, were damaged.

Bias against Muslims
  • The National Council of Canadian Muslims (NCCM) reported 12 physical assaults, all of which targeted Muslim women wearing headscarves; five threats; five incidents of damage to property; and 13 incidents of vandalism, ten of which involved graffiti. The Organization Racism Islamophobia Watch (ORIW) and the NCCM also reported an arson attack on a mosque.

IGO information

No information is available.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported two incidents of theft that also involved the desecration of liturgical objects and communion bread; five incidents of vandalism, three of which involved graffiti on church buildings; one incident of damage to church property; and one incident of the desecration of graves.The Canadian authorities reported that they were not able to verify these incidents due to personal data protection regulations.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Canada has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.