Ukraine has submitted information on hate crimes to ODIHR. Ukraine's hate crime laws combine general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions and contain a substantive offence. Hate crime data are collected by the General Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the State Department on Sentence Execution and the State Statistics Committee.
The National Police of Ukraine instituted a number of measures to improve efficiency in recording and investigating hate crimes in 2015. The main investigation department of the National Police issued an instruction, "on the provision of information concerning the investigation of criminal offenses committed on the grounds of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance." According to this instruction, individual employees who supervise the investigation of these criminal cases were assigned to the investigation departments of the National Police at the regional level, and are also to inform the main investigation department of the results of their investigations.
An employee of the main investigation department of the National Police was assigned to monitor the unified register of pre-trial investigations on the progress and results of investigations of criminal proceedings initiated on the basis of racial, ethnic or religious intolerance, as well as the analysis and verification of information on hate crimes which appear in mass media.
Specialists from the main investigation department of the National Police, in co-operation with representatives from the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, developed recommendations on the "peculiarities of investigating crimes committed by bias motive," aimed at improving the skills of investigative units addressing these crimes.
Incidents reported by civil society, international organizations and the Holy See
The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported 11 physical assaults and one incident of vandalism.read more ›
The Diversity Initiative, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported two incidents of vandalism. The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) reported one attempted arson attack and one incident of vandalism.read more ›
The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU), the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress (EAJC) and the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (SMM) reported two arson attacks. The CNCU and the EAJC reported one physical assault, three arson attacks, an attempted arson attack, two incidents of the desecration of graves, 12 cases of damage to property and one theft. The EAJC and the SMM reported one incident of the desecration of graves.read more ›
The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) reported one physical assault. The CNCU also reported two incidents of damage to property in territories that are not controlled by the government of Ukraine.read more ›
The European Centre for Democracy Development reported two physical assaults carried out by groups in altercations on church premises, and three arson attacks on churches.read more ›
Nash Mir reported four incidents in which gay men were murdered; 40 physical assaults, of which 26 caused injuries and three were committed by large groups; four incidents of robbery and one threat. The Congress of National Communities of Ukraine (CNCU) and the European Centre for Democracy Development also reported the murder of an LGBT activist.read more ›
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that they have continued to co-operate with civil society within the framework of the Diversity Initiative monitoring network. At the initiative of the UNHCR and the IOM, a working group is being established under the auspices of the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine to improve the investigation and documentation of hate crimes. The UNHCR has strengthened training for protection monitors on identifying hate crimes and xenophobia, with an emphasis on minorities such as Roma, Crimean Tatars, and sexual and religious minorities. Also, in December 2015, the UNHCR conducted training for new patrol police in Kyiv, covering the issues of cultural diversity and hate crimes, and, jointly with the IOM and ODIHR, organized an expert roundtable on combating hate crimes in Ukraine.
In its "Concluding observations on the twenty-second and twenty-third periodic reports of Ukraine", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that all hate crimes be duly registered, investigated and prosecuted under article 161 of the criminal code, that disaggregated statistics on hate crimes be compiled, and the continuation of training police on hate crime.
ODIHR observes that Ukraine has not reported on cases of hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.