Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain's Criminal Code contains general penalty-enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry's State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomous Police, the Autonomous Basque Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.
In 2015, Spain introduced two new categories for recorded hate incidents to include "Ideology" and "Sex and Gender". These were introduced among the other hate and discrimination incidents in the "Statistic System of Criminality."
The Spanish Institute of Women and for Equal Opportunities (IWEO) published a Practical Guide: How to deal with discrimination cases and hate crimes. This guide, available in English, comes in two versions: one for the public and one for professionals working on hate crime issues.
The Secretary General of Immigration and Emigration of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security, through the Spanish Observatory on Racism and Xenophobia, has implemented the project "Training for the Prevention and Detection of Racism, Xenophobia and Intolerance at School" (FRIDA Project).
Incidents reported by civil society, international organizations and the Holy See
The Cabinet of Social Studies (GES) reported three physical assaults, including one which caused serious injuries, and two incidents of vandalism. The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain reported two physical assaults.read more ›
The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience reported two incidents of vandalism.read more ›
The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain, the Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience and the Civic Platform Against Islamophobia reported two incidents of vandalism targeting a mosque and a cultural centre. The Cabinet of Social studies (GES), the Union the Civic Platform reported one physical assault and one case of vandalism. The GES and the Union reported one additional physical assault.read more ›
The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience and the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported five incidents of vandalism and three incidents of graffiti. The OIDC reported one theft from a church, in which communion bread was desecrated, one incident of graffiti on a church, and one incident of the desecration of graves.read more ›
Transgender Europe reported the murder of a transgender person. FELGBT reported four physical assaults, targeting three men and a woman. The Cabinet of Social Studies (GES) reported two physical assaults, including one committed by a group, and one threat.read more ›
Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Spanish authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to continue efforts to counter, effectively investigate and punish hate crimes.
In its "Concluding observations on the twenty-first to twenty-third periodic reports periodic reports of Georgia", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) commended the country for its progress in the collection of hate crime data and the appointment of specialized prosecutors.
ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases.