Spain

Spain regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Spain's Criminal Code contains a general penalty enhancement and substantive offence provisions. The Interior Ministry's State Secretariat of Security collects hate crime data from the Catalan Autonomous Police, the Autonomous Basque Police, Navarre Police, National Police Force and the Civil Guard. Spain publishes annual reports on hate crimes.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 1328 Not available Not available
2014 1285 Not available Not available
2013 1168 Not available Not available
2012 261 Not available Not available
2011 224 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide200
Physical assault12800
Damage to property3600
Theft/ robbery1300
Desecration of graves4000
Threats/ threatening behaviour9500
Unspecified19100
Anti-SemitismPhysical assault100
Attacks against places of worship100
Threats/ threatening behaviour400
Unspecified300
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault1900
Vandalism600
Threats/ threatening behaviour1300
Unspecified3200
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identityHomicide100
Physical assault4000
Damage to property500
Theft/ robbery500
Vandalism2200
Threats/ threatening behaviour2900
Unspecified6700
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault2200
Theft/ robbery3600
Threats/ threatening behaviour1500
Unspecified15300
UnspecifiedPhysical assault200
Threats/ threatening behaviour600
Unspecified1600

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 505 racist and xenophobic crimes.

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Official figures recorded 9 anti-Semitic hate crimes.

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Official figures recorded 70 hate crimes motivated by bias against religion.

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Official figures recorded 169 hate crimes motivated by bias against sexual orientation.

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Official figures recorded 226 hate crimes motivated by bias against disability.

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Official figures recorded 24 hate crimes motivated by bias against gender.

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Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

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This category includes physical assaults with or without injuries, as well as sexual assaults and abuse.

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This category includes threats and minor harassment.

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This category includes hate crimes committed at, around, shortly before or after a sport event, and other unspecified crimes.

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National developments

In 2015, Spain introduced two new categories for recorded hate incidents to include "Ideology" and "Sex and Gender". These were introduced among the other hate and discrimination incidents in the "Statistic System of Criminality."

The Spanish Institute of Women and for Equal Opportunities (IWEO) published a Practical Guide: How to deal with discrimination cases and hate crimes. This guide, available in English, comes in two versions: one for the public and one for professionals working on hate crime issues.

The Secretary General of Immigration and Emigration of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security, through the Spanish Observatory on Racism and Xenophobia, has implemented the project "Training for the Prevention and Detection of Racism, Xenophobia and Intolerance at School" (FRIDA Project).

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia502
Anti-Semitism002
Bias against Muslims5019
Bias against Christians and members of other religions2036
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity710
Total19159
Grand Total79

Reports

Racism and xenophobia

  • The Cabinet of Social Studies (GES) reported three physical assaults, including one which caused serious injuries, and two incidents of vandalism. The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain reported two physical assaults.
    read more ›

Anti-Semitism

  • The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience reported two incidents of vandalism.
    read more ›

Bias against Muslims

  • The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain, the Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience and the Civic Platform Against Islamophobia reported two incidents of vandalism targeting a mosque and a cultural centre. The Cabinet of Social studies (GES), the Union the Civic Platform reported one physical assault and one case of vandalism. The GES and the Union reported one additional physical assault.
    read more ›

Bias against Christians and members of other religions

  • The Observatory for Freedom of Religion and Conscience reported two physical assaults; one theft; nine incidents of the desecration of graves, including four that involved theft; one arson attack on a church; one attempted arson attack, also targeting a church; one incident of damage to property; and 12 incidents of graffiti.
    read more ›

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • Transgender Europe reported the murder of a transgender person. FELGBT reported four physical assaults, targeting three men and a woman. The Cabinet of Social Studies (GES) reported two physical assaults, including one committed by a group, and one threat.
    read more ›

IGO information

Racism and xenophobia

  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Spanish authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to continue efforts to counter, effectively investigate and punish hate crimes.

  • In its "Concluding observations on the twenty-first to twenty-third periodic reports periodic reports of Georgia", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) commended the country for its progress in the collection of hate crime data and the appointment of specialized prosecutors.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Spain has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases or information on sentenced hate crime cases.