Poland

Poland regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Poland's Criminal Code contains several substantive offences. Data reported to ODIHR include crimes of incitement to hatred. Hate crime data is collected by the Department of Control, Complaints and Petitions of Ministry of the Interior, the General Police Headquarters, the Internal Security Agency, the Preparatory Proceedings Office of the General Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice, the Institute of National Remembrance – General Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation and the Ombudsman's Office. Hate crime data is regularly published. Poland conducts a victimization survey containing questions on hate crimes.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2016 874 281 236
2015 263 229 195
2014 778 179 127
2013 757 116 53
2012 266 76 39

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

A working group on countering hate crimes was created. The main objectives of the group are to facilitate communication between relevant actors and design tailored reactions to hate crimes. The working group is composed of representatives from groups that experience hate crimes, civil society groups working on hate crime issues, representatives of the Ministry of the Interior, the administration and the police, as well as representatives of other institutions as necessary (e.g., the Ombudsman, Boarder Guard and other ministries).

On 1 July 2015, a modified electronic statistical charter was introduced that obliges courts to provide information on the motivation of hate crime perpetrators. These changes were aimed at enhancing the hate crime data-collection process and ensuring more effective monitoring of perpetrators' motivation.

On 16 September 2015 the National Jurisdiction and Prosecution School of Poland and ODIHR signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the implementation of the Prosecutors and Hate Crime Training (PAHCT) programme. Training began in December 2015.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported two physical assaults on Catholic priests, one of which involved the theft of parish property. The Holy See also reported one burglary in a church, one incident of vandalism and two incidents of the desecration of places of worship. The Polish authorities reported back that in one of the desecration cases, a perpetrator was charged with a hate crime, whereas no bias motivation could be confirmed in the other incidents.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Poland has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that recording of bias motivations by police should be further strengthened and such data reported to ODIHR.