Germany

Germany regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Germany's Criminal Code contains a sentencing provision applicable to any crime in the Code. Hate crime data are collected as part of its framework addressing politically-motivated crimes. Data on hate crime and hate speech are collected together; however, authorities are able to disaggregate data on violent offences. Authorities responsible for data collection include the police at the state and federal levels and the Federal Statistics Office.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 3046 Not available Not available
2014 3059 Not available Not available
2013 4647 Not available Not available
2012 4514 Not available Not available
2011 4040 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaHomicide800
Physical assault97700
Damage to property91300
Arson9900
Theft/ robbery4400
Desecration of graves200
Disturbance of the peace4500
Threats/ threatening behaviour35900
Anti-SemitismPhysical assault3400
Damage to property11500
Arson200
Theft/ robbery1700
Desecration of graves300
Threats/ threatening behaviour2100
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsHomicide300
Physical assault8500
Damage to property15400
Arson500
Theft/ robbery100
Desecration of graves300
Disturbance of the peace600
Threats/ threatening behaviour8200
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identityPhysical assault5100
Damage to property1000
Theft/ robbery300
Disturbance of the peace100
Threats/ threatening behaviour1500
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault300
Threats/ threatening behaviour200

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures record 2,447 hate crimes motivated by racism and xenophobia. 

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 192 anti-Semitic crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 339 crimes based on bias against religion.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 80 crimes based on bias against sexual orientation.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 5 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

This category also includes attempted murders.

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes causing bodily injury, sexual offences, offences involving use of explosives and extortion.

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

This category consists of cases of robberies and thefts.

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes breaching the public peace, dangerous disruption of transport, and resisting public authority.

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia825
Anti-Semitism581066
Bias against Muslims212
Bias against Christians and members of other religions6317
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity1176912
Total19185102
Grand Total378

Reports

Racism and xenophobia

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Project reported 1,004 racist and xenophobic incidents, which included physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.
    read more ›

Bias against Roma and Sinti

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Projects reported 32 anti-Roma incidents, which included physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.
    read more ›

Anti-Semitism

  • The Amadeu Antonio Foundation reported 12 physical assaults, including four assaults committed by groups; three threats; four incidents of damage to property; 15 incidents of vandalism and the desecration of graves in a Jewish cemetery.
    read more ›

Bias against Muslims

  • Insaan reported two physical assaults, including an attack carried by a group on an elderly Sikh man mistaken for a Muslim, an incident of threats and two incidents of vandalism involving graffiti.
    read more ›

Bias against Christians and members of other religions

  • The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported five physical assaults, including one in which a knife was used and another three carried out by a group; two threats, including one in which a statue was damaged and witnesses threatened; three arson attacks on churches and a Christian organization office; one incident of damage to a church; and five incidents of vandalism that targeted church premises.
    read more ›

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • MANEO reported 78 physical assaults targeting LGBT people, including eight that were classified as serious; 39 robberies; 9 burglaries; two incidents of damage to property; one case of vandalism; and 69 incidents of threats.
    read more ›

Bias against people with disabilities and other groups

  • The coalition of civil society groups Hate Crime Counselling Project reported four incidents targeting people with disabilities, including physical assaults, harassment, threats and damage to property.
    read more ›

IGO information

Racism and xenophobia

  • In its "Concluding observations on the combined nineteenth to twenty-second periodic reports of Germany", the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that an explicit duty to investigate and document any racist motive of criminal offences be imposed on the police, that police be trained on reporting and investigating hate crimes, and that Germany's hate crime data-collection system be improved. CERD also expressed concerns about the increase in attacks against asylum-seekers and called for them to be protected from racially motivated violence.

  • The Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, in the annual activity report following his country visit to Germany, welcomed amendments to the criminal code that made racist motivation an aggravating circumstance. The Commissioner also called on the authorities to improve the recording of hate crimes, in particular by increasing the disaggregation of data, to introduce guidance for police and prosecutors, and to train all criminal justice actors on hate crimes.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Germany has not reported the numbers of prosecuted and/or information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.