Finland

Finland regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Finland's hate crime laws consist of a general penalty-enhancement provision. Reported police data include discrimination and defamation offences, although these can be disaggregated. Data on the numbers of prosecutions and sentenced cases are only reported for discrimination cases. Hate crime data are collected by the Police University College of Finland's Research Department, the Interior Ministry, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and Statistics Finland. Finland conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

SELECT YEAR

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2016 1311 N/A N/A
2015 1704 Not available Not available
2014 954 Not available Not available
2013 904 Not available Not available
2012 836 38 12

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

In order to increase the reporting of racist crimes, various awareness raising campaigns have been conducted in the framework of the "2012-2015 Internal Security Programme." The programme also initiated surveys among people of immigrant origin in order to gain information about their sense of security in the country. Finland is also part of a European Union project that aims at developing an EU model of good practice to counter racial and religious hate crime and hate speech, and that addresses effective systems to report on hate crime through capacity building for law-enforcement and ethnic communities.

The newly published "National Action Plan for the Prevention of Violent Radicalisation and Extremism" made a connection between hate crime and extremism, and commits to develop better mechanisms to counter the problem.

Finland signed a Memorandum of Understanding with ODIHR to implement the Training against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Finland has not reported information on the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases to ODIHR.