Finland

Finland regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Finland's hate crime laws consist of a general penalty-enhancement provision. Reported police data include discrimination and defamation offences, although these can be disaggregated. Data on the numbers of prosecutions and sentenced cases are only reported for discrimination cases. Hate crime data are collected by the Police University College of Finland's Research Department, the Interior Ministry, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and Statistics Finland. Finland conducts regular victimization surveys to measure unreported hate crime.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 1704 Not available Not available
2014 954 Not available Not available
2013 904 Not available Not available
2012 836 38 12
2011 1418 29 12
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaPhysical assault57800
Damage to property16100
Disturbance of the peace4200
Threats/ threatening behaviour19600
Unspecified37900
Bias against Christians and members of other religionsPhysical assault7800
Damage to property1500
Disturbance of the peace200
Threats/ threatening behaviour3400
Unspecified4200
Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identityPhysical assault3700
Threats/ threatening behaviour1800
Unspecified2700
Bias against people with disabilities and other groupsPhysical assault3300
Damage to property200
Disturbance of the peace300
Threats/ threatening behaviour1300
Unspecified4400

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 1,356 racist and xenophobic hate crimes.

The figure presented here covers the following grounds: "race/colour", "ethnicity/national origin, citizenship and language".

As divided by type of crime:

Finland reported 171 crimes committed with an anti-religious bias.

Hate crimes reported under this category cover all anti-religious hate crime, without disaggregation by faith.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 82 hate crimes based on bias against LGBT people.

Official data were reported separately for LGB and transgender hate crime but are presented together here.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 95 crimes based on bias against people with disabilities.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

This category also includes attempted assaults and attempted homicides.

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes 'vandalism'.

As divided by bias motivation:

This category includes "disturbance of domestic peace."

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

As divided by bias motivation:

National developments

In order to increase the reporting of racist crimes, various awareness raising campaigns have been conducted in the framework of the "2012-2015 Internal Security Programme." The programme also initiated surveys among people of immigrant origin in order to gain information about their sense of security in the country. Finland is also part of a European Union project that aims at developing an EU model of good practice to counter racial and religious hate crime and hate speech, and that addresses effective systems to report on hate crime through capacity building for law-enforcement and ethnic communities.

The newly published "National Action Plan for the Prevention of Violent Radicalisation and Extremism" made a connection between hate crime and extremism, and commits to develop better mechanisms to counter the problem.

Finland signed a Memorandum of Understanding with ODIHR to implement the Training against Hate Crime for Law Enforcement (TAHCLE) programme.

Civil society information

No information is available.

IGO information

No information is available.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Finland has not reported information on the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases to ODIHR.