Croatia regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Croatia's hate crime laws are a combination of a general penalty-enhancement provision and penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. Croatia's criminal code also includes a statutory definition of hate crime. Hate crime data are collected by the Ministry of Interior, the Prosecutor's Office, the Ministry of Justice and the Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities. Data on hate crime are regularly published by the Government's Office for Human Rights and Rights of National Minorities.
In 2015, Croatia made hate crime data publically available for the first time. Data can be found on the website of the Office for human rights and rights of national minorities.
Incidents reported by civil society, international organizations and the Holy See
The Centre for Peace Studies, OSIJEK and Documenta reported two physical assaults, including one carried out by a group on a Ugandan man and one targeting a man of Gambian descent. The Centre for Peace Studies reported three further physical assaults, two of which were carried out by groups, one incident in which a group of schoolchildren were attacked by a group of assailants, two threats, and one incident of graffiti on a school. OSIJEK and Documenta also reported one incident of vandalism that involved graffiti.read more ›
Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Croatian authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to ensure the efficient, non-discriminatory and timely investigation and prosecution of hate crimes.
Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Roma and Sinti, Bias against other groups - Sexual orientation or gender identity
In its "Concluding observations on the third periodic report of Croatia", the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) called for strengthened efforts to combat racist attacks committed by law enforcement personnel, including against Roma people, by providing training and ensuring that hate crimes are properly investigated and prosecuted. The HRC highlighted the need to counter hate crimes against LGBT people, by ensuring that they are thoroughly investigated and offenders are prosecuted and sanctioned.
ODIHR observes that Croatia could benefit from encouraging victims to report hate crimes and could consider increasing co-operation with civil society in that respect.