Belgium regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Belgium’s Criminal Code includes several penalty-enhancement provisions for specific offences. The data reported to ODIHR do not present cases of hate crime, incitement to hatred and discrimination separately. Hate crime data are collected by law enforcement agencies, the Prosecutor’s Office and the Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism (CEOOR).
Civil society information
Overview of incidents reported by civil society
|Bias Motivation||Attacks Against People||Attacks Against Property|
|Racism and xenophobia||0||0||2|
|Bias against Muslims||5||11||4|
|Bias against Christians and members of other religions||0||0||3|
|Bias against LGBT people||4||0||0|
The Collective against Islamophobia in Belgium (CCIB) reported an incident in which a Palestinian restaurant was vandalized; the damage included swastika graffiti. Antisemitisme.be reported one incident of graffiti.
The Kantor Center reported six cases of anti-Semitic violence.
Antisemitisme.be reported a physical assault causing serious injury; a physical assault carried out by a group against an Israeli football fan; two additional physical assaults targeting people visibly identifiable as Jewish; one robbery, which was a part of the harassment over several months of a Jewish student; and an incident in which five Stolpersteine, stones commemorating Holocaust victims, were covered in red paint.
SETA reported three incidents of threats, including two threatening letters and the delivery of suspicious powder in the mail.
The Collective against Islamophobia in Belgium (CCIB) reported four physical assaults, including one in which a knife and a firearm were used, and two others in which pedestrians were hit by a car; five threats; three incidents of graffiti; and the desecration of a mosque in which severed pig heads were found in the backyard.
Racism Islamophobia Watch (ORIW) reported an incident of physical violence targeting a twelve year old child, who was slapped by an educator for refusing to eat pork; and a series of threatening envelopes containing white substance sent to two mosques and a regional centre for integration.
The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported three incidents of vandalism to churches, one of which involved graffiti.
ILGA-Europe and Cavaria reported four physical assaults, including one in which a firearm was used against a gay couple and one in which a gay man was attacked by a group.
No information is available.
Holy See information
The Holy See and the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe reported the case of a bias-motivated murder of an elderly woman in a church. Belgian authorities confirmed that the case is under prosecution and that no bias motive had been registered.
ODIHR key observations
ODIHR observes that Belgium has not periodically reported reliable information and statistics on hate crimes to ODIHR.