Moldova

Moldova regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Moldova’s hate crime laws consist of a combination of general and specific penalty-enhancement provisions. Hate crime data are collected by the Information Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the police, the General Prosecutor’s Office and the National Bureau of Statistics.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015 0 0 1
2014 1 1 Not available
2013 4 Not available 0
2012 3 Not available Not available
2011 Not available Not available Not available
2010 Not available Not available Not available
2009 2 0 0

National developments

In 2015, the Ministry of Justice continued a consultation process, through an inter-institutional working group, to revise and improve Moldova's criminal code provisions addressing hate crimes.

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Anti-Semitism001
Bias against LGBT people943
Total944
Grand Total17

Reports

Anti-Semitism
  • The Jewish Community of the Republic of Moldova and the OSCE Mission to Moldova reported an incident of vandalism, in which a swastika and other insulting inscriptions were drawn on the wall of a Jewish school.

Bias against LGBT people
  • The Information Center "GenderDoc-M" and the OSCE Mission to Moldova reported a physical assault carried out by a group targeting a transgender woman and her husband, and a physical assault that involved a robbery. "GenderDoc-M" also reported an additional five physical assaults, including one carried out by a group and one that caused serious injury; two attempted assaults; two incidents in which rainbow flags were stolen from an LGBT-rights organization; one incident of vandalism; and four threats.

IGO information

Developments

Racism and xenophobia
  • The OSCE Mission to Moldova participated in the work of an inter-institutional working group established by the Ministry of Justice to revise and improve the existing legal framework for combating hate crimes. The Mission also facilitated the Ministry of Justice's request to ODIHR to review the draft law prepared by this working group.

  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) supported a number of training initiatives related to refugees and hate crimes, organized in co-operation with the European Asylum Support Office (EASO), the Bureau for Migration and Asylum (BMA), judicial officials and civil society.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes – in the context of the disparity between reported official and IGO/NGO information – that reliable data can only be collected through mechanisms that capture all cases reported to law enforcement, and that the victims should be encouraged to report hate crimes.