Austria

Austria regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Austria’s hate crime laws are a combination of a general penalty-enhancement provision and a substantive offence. The data reported to ODIHR do not present cases of hate crime and hate speech separately. Hate crime data are collected by the Provincial Agencies for State Protection and Counter Terrorism and the Federal Agency for State Protection and Counter Terrorism (BVT) of the Interior Ministry, as well as by the Ministry of Justice. Hate crime data are regularly published.

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2015 395 Not available Not available
2014 186 Not available Not available
2013 110 Not available Not available
2012 91 Not available Not available
2011 59 38 1
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by policeProsecutedSentenced
Racism and xenophobiaUnspecified32300
Anti-SemitismUnspecified4100
Bias against MuslimsUnspecified3100

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 323 racist or xenophobic crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 41 anti-Semitic crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 31 crimes motivated by bias against Muslims.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia11419
Anti-Semitism3051
Bias against Muslims19233
Bias against Christians and members of other religions002
Total336105
Grand Total144

Reports

Racism and xenophobia

  • ZARA reported ten physical assaults, including one that involved clashes between two groups, one in which the victim was stabbed, two resulting in severe injuries and two carried out by a group, one of which was also reported by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). ZARA also reported three threats against people of Turkish or African descent, eight incidents of damage to property, six incidents of graffiti targeting refugee centres, and five arson attacks on refugee accommodations.
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Anti-Semitism

  • The Forum against Antisemitism and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported a physical assault carried out by a group against a man wearing a Star of David necklace, which caused severe injuries. The Forum against Antisemitism reported an additional 50 incidents of vandalism and one incident in which a Jewish community website was hacked.
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Bias against Muslims

  • ZARA reported four physical assaults, including one targeting a Muslim family in which dogs were unleashed and two targeting women in headscarves; six incidents of damage to property, which included targets such as a Pakistani cultural centre, a kindergarten, and two mosques, one of which was also reported on by SETA; and 15 incidents of anti-Muslim graffiti. SETA reported a physical assault targeting a woman wearing a headscarf, two incidents of vandalism involving anti-Muslim graffiti, one threat and one incident of damage to a mosque. The Anti-Discrimination Office Styria reported a case of attempted murder involving a car ramming into a pedestrian and three additional physical assaults targeting women in headscarves.
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Bias against Christians and members of other religions

  • Jehovah's Witnesses – Austria reported two incidents of graffiti targeting places of worship.
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IGO information

Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Muslims

  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Austrian authorities supported recommendations to review national hate crime legislation, to establish a system to collect comprehensive data on reported hate crimes, prosecutions and sentences, and to effectively investigate and prosecute hate crimes, including those motivated by intolerance against Muslims.

Bias based on sexual orientation and gender identity

  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Austrian authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to the recommendation to ensure that law enforcement officials conduct thorough and prompt investigations into hate crimes against LGBT people.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported two incidents of theft, in which communion bread was stolen from churches. The authorities reported back that both incidents were under investigation, but a bias motive was not identified in either of the cases.

Key observation

ODIHR observes that Austria has not reported on hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech.