Austria

Austria regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Austria’s hate crime laws are a combination of a general penalty-enhancement provision and a substantive offence. The data reported to ODIHR do not present cases of hate crime and hate speech separately. Hate crime data are collected by the Provincial Agencies for State Protection and Counter Terrorism and the Federal Agency for State Protection and Counter Terrorism (BVT) of the Interior Ministry, as well as by the Ministry of Justice. Hate crime data are regularly published.

Legislation | TANDIS

SELECT YEAR

Official country information

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced
2015   395 Not available Not available
2014   186 Not available Not available
2013   110 Not available Not available
2012   91 Not available Not available
2011   59 38 1
2010   101 1 1
2009   62 Not available Not available
Bias motivationType of crimeRecorded by police
Racism and xenophobiaUnspecified323
Anti-SemitismUnspecified41
Bias against MuslimsUnspecified31

Hate crimes recorded by police by bias motivation

Official figures recorded 323 racist or xenophobic crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 41 anti-Semitic crimes.

As divided by type of crime:

Official figures recorded 31 crimes motivated by bias against Muslims.

As divided by type of crime:

Hate crimes recorded by police by type of crime

As divided by bias motivation:

Civil society information

Overview of incidents reported by civil society

Bias Motivation Attacks Against People Attacks Against Property
Violent Attacks Threats
Racism and xenophobia11419
Anti-Semitism3051
Bias against Muslims19233
Bias against Christians and members of other religions002
Total336105
Grand Total144

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • ZARA reported ten physical assaults, including one that involved clashes between two groups, one in which the victim was stabbed, two resulting in severe injuries and two carried out by a group, one of which was also reported by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)ZARA also reported three threats against people of Turkish or African descent, eight incidents of damage to property, six incidents of graffiti targeting refugee centres, and five arson attacks on refugee accommodations.

  • The Anti-Discrimination Office Styria reported a physical assault on two Chechen teenagers by a group, and a case of threats against people speaking a language other than German.

Anti-Semitism
  • The Forum against Antisemitism and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported a physical assault carried out by a group against a man wearing a Star of David necklace, which caused severe injuries. The Forum against Antisemitism reported an additional 50 incidents of vandalism and one incident in which a Jewish community website was hacked.

  • ZARA reported a physical assault carried out by a group against two Jewish men, who were beaten and pepper-sprayed. The ADL reported a further physical assault in which two Jewish men were assaulted by a group.

Bias against Muslims
  • ZARA reported four physical assaults, including one targeting a Muslim family in which dogs were unleashed and two targeting women in headscarves; six incidents of damage to property, which included targets such as a Pakistani cultural centre, a kindergarten, and two mosques, one of which was also reported on by SETA; and 15 incidents of anti-Muslim graffiti. SETA reported a physical assault targeting a woman wearing a headscarf, two incidents of vandalism involving anti-Muslim graffiti, one threat and one incident of damage to a mosque.

    The Anti-Discrimination Office Styria reported a case of attempted murder involving a car ramming into a pedestrian and three additional physical assaults targeting women in headscarves.

  • SETA and the Documentation Centre for Muslims in Austria reported two physical assaults involving the use of weapons against Muslim women. The Documentation Centre for Muslims in Austria reported eight additional physical assaults against Muslim women, one of which involved the use of a weapon; an incident of threats against a Muslim woman; seven incidents of vandalism; an incident of damage to a prayer house; and one incident in which pig entrails where placed at the door to a mosque.

Bias against Christians and members of other religions
  • Jehovah's Witnesses – Austria reported two incidents of graffiti targeting places of worship.

IGO information

Reports

Racism and xenophobia
  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported eight arson attacks that involved property damage and threatening behaviour, which targeted people in refugee reception facilities.

Bias against Roma and Sinti
  • The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reported the kidnapping of a Roma woman, who was driven by two men pretending to be police to a nearby forest where they threatened the victim and stole her belongings, and one incident in which the possessions of two homeless Roma were set on fire.

Developments

Racism and xenophobia, Bias against Muslims
  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Austrian authorities supported recommendations to review national hate crime legislation, to establish a system to collect comprehensive data on reported hate crimes, prosecutions and sentences, and to effectively investigate and prosecute hate crimes, including those motivated by intolerance against Muslims.

Bias against LGBT people
  • Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the Austrian authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to the recommendation to ensure that law enforcement officials conduct thorough and prompt investigations into hate crimes against LGBT people.

Holy See information

  • The Holy See reported two incidents of theft, in which communion bread was stolen from churches. The authorities reported back that both incidents were under investigation, but a bias motive was not identified in either of the cases.

ODIHR key observations

ODIHR observes that Austria has not reported on hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech.