The Ephesus Initiative and the Kantor Center reported a robbery. The Ephesus Initiative further reported six physical assaults targeting men visibly identifiable as Jewish; a robbery; two arson attacks one against a synagogue and another against several houses, two incidents of damage to property; the desecration of a grave; and 27 incidents of vandalism, most of which involved graffiti targeting synagogues or Jewish property.
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Report Data - USA - 2015
The Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program and Civil Rights Unit (CRU) collaborated to gather hate crime incident data investigated and reported by the CRU for 2018. As a result, FBI hate crime data is for the first time included in the 2018 hate crime publication, in addition to data from other federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies.
In August, the Department of Justice (DoJ) Hate Crimes Initiative convened the first-ever federal seminar on Investigating and Prosecuting Hate Crimes and Domestic Terrorism, bringing together 70 Department civil rights and domestic terrorism prosecutors and agents to discuss how to better collaborate when investigating and prosecuting hate crimes that also constitute acts of domestic terrorism. In October, the Department's Hate Crimes Initiative convened a law enforcement roundtable on hate crimes. The event brought state, local and tribal law enforcement leaders from around the country together with DoJ officials. The participants agreed that in order to improve investigation and reporting of hate crimes, the federal government should support hate crimes training at all levels of law enforcement. The DoJ also launched a new hate crimes website – www.justice.gov/hatecrimes – designed to provide a centralized portal for the Department's hate crimes resources for law enforcement, media, researchers, victims, advocacy groups, and other related organizations and individuals.
The DoJ also announced a grant of more than USD 840,000 to the University of New Hampshire to conduct a national survey of hate crime incidents and victimization. The multi-phase study, funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) in the Department's Office of Justice Programs, will run through 2021 and provide detailed data about hate crimes, analyse local policies that impact hate crime reporting and identify successful investigation and prosecution strategies.
The Ephesus Initiative, the Bridge Initiative and the ORIW reported the attempted murder of a Muslim taxi driver. The Ephesus Initiative and the Bridge Initiative also reported a physical assault that caused serious injury to a Muslim woman wearing a headscarf. The Ephesus Initiative further reported three incidents of threats, five arson attacks, eight cases of vandalism against mosques, and three incidents of the desecration of mosques. The ORIW also reported an additional physical assault against a group of Muslim men praying in a park.
The Ephesus Initiative reported four arson attacks; eight incidents of damage to property; 24 incidents of vandalism, most of which involved graffiti; and five incidents of the desecration of graves.
The Bridge Initiative reported the murder of an Iranian-American man and eight physical assaults, including two that caused serious injuries and one that involved the use of a weapon. The victims of these assaults included Sikhs, people speaking languages other than English in public, and people of Asian and Middle Eastern background. The Bridge Initiative also reported three incidents of vandalism and two incidents of graffiti targeting foreigners.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported 56 incidents of physical assault, at least two of which were carried out by groups and two that involved the use of weapons; and 377 incidents of anti-Semitic graffiti, vandalism or damage to property.
The Bridge Initiative reported two murders; 13 physical assaults, including two that caused serious injuries, two that involved the use of weapons, and one assault carried out by a group; nine incidents of threats; three arson attacks; nine incidents of damage to property; 14 incidents of anti-Muslim graffiti; and six incidents of the desecration of graves. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported an incident of vandalism targeting an Islamic centre.
Following its Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the United States authorities made the commitment to examine and respond to recommendations to continue to work towards ensuring that all hate crimes are effectively investigated and prosecuted, and to engage better with communities at risk of being victims of hate crimes.
ODIHR observes that the United States has not reported information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.
The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) approved the collection of hate crime data based on bias against Arabs. Law enforcement agencies began reporting on the following additional religious bias types: anti-Buddhist, anti-Eastern Orthodox (such as Greek, Ukrainian or Russian orthodox churches), anti-Hindu, anti-Jehovah’s Witness, anti-Mormon, bias against other Christian groups, and anti-Sikh. Furthermore, the Hate Crime Statistics Program began collecting race and ethnicity bias types under the combined category Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry, which includes the added type of bias against Arabs.
The Federal Webinars on Church Security were launched in early 2015: the initiative promotes inter-agency collaboration and addresses both prevention and effective responses to hate crimes. The initiative includes representatives from the Department of Justice, the FBI, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Education. Government representatives also met with civil society representatives. As a response to the vulnerability felt by African American churches and other churches and places of worship in the wake of the Charleston shootings, the webinar addressed a range of issues for ensuring the security of places of worship, including developing emergency operations plans, advance security measures, services offered by the DHS, training materials for staff and other resources.
Official figures recorded 174 hate crimes against Christians and 184 other anti-religious offences.
Anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim hate crimes were originally also reported under this category and are presented separately.
Official figures recorded 1,219 hate crimes based on sexual orientation, including 23 anti-heterosexual, and 118 hate crimes based on gender identity.
Official figures recorded 29 gender-based hate crimes.