The Leadership Conference on Civil Rights Education Fund reported one murder and attempted attacks on two synagogues. The Anti-Defamation League reported on the commission of anti-Semitic crimes in 46 states and the District of Columbia, recording at total of 460 vandalism cases, 760 cases of harassment and 29 assaults. The Stephen Roth Institute reported 116 violent incidents.
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Report Data - USA - 2009
The Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program and Civil Rights Unit (CRU) collaborated to gather hate crime incident data investigated and reported by the CRU for 2018. As a result, FBI hate crime data is for the first time included in the 2018 hate crime publication, in addition to data from other federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies.
In August, the Department of Justice (DoJ) Hate Crimes Initiative convened the first-ever federal seminar on Investigating and Prosecuting Hate Crimes and Domestic Terrorism, bringing together 70 Department civil rights and domestic terrorism prosecutors and agents to discuss how to better collaborate when investigating and prosecuting hate crimes that also constitute acts of domestic terrorism. In October, the Department's Hate Crimes Initiative convened a law enforcement roundtable on hate crimes. The event brought state, local and tribal law enforcement leaders from around the country together with DoJ officials. The participants agreed that in order to improve investigation and reporting of hate crimes, the federal government should support hate crimes training at all levels of law enforcement. The DoJ also launched a new hate crimes website – www.justice.gov/hatecrimes – designed to provide a centralized portal for the Department's hate crimes resources for law enforcement, media, researchers, victims, advocacy groups, and other related organizations and individuals.
The DoJ also announced a grant of more than USD 840,000 to the University of New Hampshire to conduct a national survey of hate crime incidents and victimization. The multi-phase study, funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) in the Department's Office of Justice Programs, will run through 2021 and provide detailed data about hate crimes, analyse local policies that impact hate crime reporting and identify successful investigation and prosecution strategies.
The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) reported 15 incidents, including four assaults, the death of an imam in an alleged arson attack, and a shooting in which a person was injured. Additionally, CAIR reported one murder, four physical assaults and four acts of vandalism targeting mosques. Human Rights First reported the vandalization of a religious school and a one case involving a verbal threat.
The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) reported 1,556 incidents. This figure includes 22 murders, 446 assaults, 74 cases of sexual assault/rape and 65 involving theft or burglary. NCAVP noted that only 368 of these incidents were reported to the police. Transgender Europe (TGEU) reported the murders of 12 transgender persons.
The National Coalition of the Homeless published a report on hate crimes and violence against people experiencing homelessness. The report noted that that state of Maryland and the District of Columbia are the first jurisdictions in which attacks against homeless persons have been introduced as a category to their existing hate crimes law.
The OSCE Chairperson in Office’s Personal Representative on Combating Intolerance and Discrimination against Muslims went on a joint visit with the other Personal Representatives to the United States. He stressed the importance of data collection on crimes against Muslims and the importance of police training.
The OSCE Chairperson in Office’s Personal Representative on Combating Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination, also focusing on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians and Members of Other Religions went on a joint visit with the other Personal Representatives to the United States. There, he emphasized the importance of training criminal justice agencies in addressing hate crimes.
A Special Adviser on Muslim Affairs was appointed to serve on the President’s Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships. The role of the Special Adviser will be to increase dialogue between Muslims and the Presidential Administration.
The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act was signed on 28 October 2009. This Act expanded the 1969 federal hate crimes law to include crimes motivated by a victim’s actual or perceived gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability. The law gives power to the Department of Justice to investigate and prosecute bias-motivated crimes, and to aid state and local jurisdictions with investigations and prosecutions of bias-motivated crimes.
Official figures record 284 offences motivated by a religious bias, consisting of 55 anti-Catholic, 40 anti-Protestant, 119 "anti-other religion", 60 anti-multiple religions/group, and 10 "anti-atheism/agnosticism/etc."
Official figures record 1436 offences motivated by bias against sexual orientation.