The Regional Centre for Minorities reported several attacks on a youth centre over a period of three months, involving rocks being thrown, windows being broken, and Molotov cocktails being thrown, and one case of physical assault.
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Report Data - Serbia - 2011
In a first judgment expressly applying the hate crime provision in Serbian Criminal Code, a defendant received an enhanced sentence for a hate crime motivated by bias against sexual orientation, following arguments to that effect by the public prosecutor.
The Republic Public Prosecutor's Office, jointly with the OSCE Mission to Serbia and civil society, developed and published the Guidelines for Criminal Prosecution of Hate Crimes. The Guidelines, to which ODIHR contributed expert input, were disseminated and trainings for prosecutors are being conducted to solidify their principles into prosecutorial practice.
Pursuant to the Compulsory Instruction issued by the Republic Public Prosecutor, all Prosecutor's Offices have appointed a specialist hate crime prosecutor to monitor and record hate crime cases, liaise with case prosecutor and police officers, as well as with the victims and civil society organizations supporting them.
The Regional Centre for Minorities reported two physical assaults, including one involving serious injury and one against a Roma woman in a container settlement after a forced eviction by authorities; three cases of graffiti; and one arson attack against a community centre.
Labris and the Gay Straight Alliance reported one case of physical assualt against a lesbian woman involving serious injuries; six additional physical assaults, including one resulting in serious injury and one involving a group; and one case of threats. Apart from the physical assault on the lesbian woman, the victims were gay men, including one youth.
The Regional Centre for Minorities reported one case of damage to property of an LGBT centre.
The Gay Straight Alliance reported a further nine cases of physical assault, including two outside gay nightclubs and two on public transport, and a repeated assault against a man near his home; two cases of threats; two cases of criminal damage involving one case of graffiti on a cultural centre, and one case involving rocks being thrown and explosive devices being deployed. The victims were all gay men, with the exceptions of one boy and one lesbian woman.
The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) recommended that Serbia enact specific legislation on hate crimes and intensify enforcement against racially motivated crimes.
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that Serbia ensure more vigorous implementation of criminal law in cases of racist crime, strengthen judicial training on issues relating to racist crime and encourage witnesses and victims to report hate crimes. ECRI also expressed concern about violent attacks against religious minorities, especially Jehovah’s Witnesses and Adventists in Serbia.
Serbia reported one case of a third-grade Roma boy who was beaten and verbally abused by three young men. Three suspects were identified.
Serbia reported one case of physical assault against a lesbian woman involving serious injuries.