The Criminal Code's hate crime provisions were amended to correspond with EU law requirements.
A working group, "Permanent board to combat hate crime and hate speech", was set up at the Ministry of Justice with wide participation of civil society in order to provide advice on required measures to address hate crimes.
The Observatory for Security against Acts of Discrimination (OSCAD) has been tasked by the Chief of Police to focus its work on the implementation of a communication campaign to prevent hate crimes and continued training activities on hate crimes for the Carabinieri Corps and the National Police.
OSCAD has continued training police officers, in co-operation with the National Police, Carabinieri Corps and national Forestry Corps. OSCAD has developed e-learning modules on hate crimes, put in use by the National Police territorial units in charge of training efforts.