Lunaria reported the murder of a Malian man and four attempted murders of migrants, refugees or asylum-seekers. Lunaria also reported 21 physical assaults, which included 11 that caused serious injuries, five that were carried out by groups, including one which caused serious injury to a Pakistani man, one which involved robbery and one sexual assault. Victims included people from Afghanistan, Albania, Brazil, Colombia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Tunisia.
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Report Data - Italy - 2015
The Criminal Code's hate crime provisions were amended to correspond with the requirements of EU law. Consequently, changes to the aggravating circumstance provision preclude the bias motivation aggravation to be balanced against other, mitigating circumstances.
The Observatory for Security against Acts of Discrimination (OSCAD) continued to conduct training activities on hate crimes for a broad target group, including different ranks of the Carabinieri Corps and the National Police. This has also included the cascading of ODIHR's TAHCLE programme.
The European Centre for Democracy and Development and Lunaria reported a further physical assault in which a group armed with a knife attacked a Romanian man.
Lunaria also reported six arson attacks, three of which targeted premises allocated to refugees and one which targeted a Nigerian grocery store; three incidents of damage to refugee accommodations; three incidents of threats, including against refugees and a person from Bangladesh; one theft; and 17 incidents of vandalism.
Lunaria and the Association 21 July reported the murder of a Roma man when shots were fired at a caravan and one incident in which a compressor gun was fired in the direction of a Roma camp, injuring one resident.
The Association 21 July also reported two incidents in which shots were fired at Roma camps, one of which also involved an arson attack; five arson attacks targeting Roma neighborhoods or caravans; one incident of vandalism and two threats. Lunaria further reported one physical assault and one incident of vandalism.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported the attempted murder of a Jewish man who was stabbed multiple times and one incident of vandalism. Lunaria reported one threat and three incidents graffiti. The Kantor Centre reported four violent incidents targeting Jewish people.
Lunaria reported one physical assault against a veiled woman, one arson attack targeting an Islamic centre, two cases of damage to property, three incidents graffiti and one incident of the desecration a mosque.
Lunaria and SETA reported one arson attack against a halal butcher shop. SETA reported one additional arson attack on a mosque.
The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC) reported a physical assault on soldiers protecting a cathedral, one incident of damage to church property, three incidents of vandalism and the desecration of a church.
Jehovah’s Witnesses – Italy reported one incident of damage to a place of worship, one case of vandalism and one threat.
Transgender Europe reported the murder of a Brazilian transgender person.
In its fifth report on Italy, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that the Criminal Code be amended to include colour and language as protected characteristics. ECRI also emphasized the need to improve Italy’s hate crime data-collection system, in order to produce more detailed statistics.
The Advisory Committee of Council of Europe on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, in its Fourth Opinion on Italy, praised the work accomplished by the Observatory for Security against Acts of Discrimination OSCAD, the Ministry of Interior’s anti-discrimination body, and the training for law enforcement personnel that were developed in co-operation with ODIHR.
ODIHR observes that Italy has not reported the numbers of prosecuted and information on sentenced hate crime cases to ODIHR.
Within the framework of the "LGBTI National Strategy" (which started in 2014), eight half-day training workshops were held for National Police and Carabinieri officers. In October 2015, within the framework of the PRISM European Project, a training workshop was held in Rome for police officers and legal experts, aimed at increasing awareness and skills for preventing and countering discrimination and, in particular, discrimination-based crimes. Training activities for the National Police also included seminars focusing on discrimination and hate crimes.
This category includes crimes registered as committed with a bias against "Race/color", "Ethnicity/national origin/minority", "Citizenship", "Language" and "Roma and Sinti".
Official figures recorded 141 crimes motivated by bias against people with disabilities.
The Holy See reported two incidents of the desecration of graves; six incidents of theft in churches; one incident of the desecration of communion bread; one burglary involving vandalism; and five incidents of vandalism, three of which involved graffiti on a Catholic church, one of which was also reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC).