Lunaria reported nine cases of damage to property, including two cases of arson, and 81 physical assaults, ten of which led to hospital treatment and eight of which were carried out by a group. The majority of the assaults were against migrant workers from North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.
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Report Data - Italy - 2011
The Criminal Code's hate crime provisions were amended to correspond with the requirements of EU law. Consequently, changes to the aggravating circumstance provision preclude the bias motivation aggravation to be balanced against other, mitigating circumstances.
The Observatory for Security against Acts of Discrimination (OSCAD) continued to conduct training activities on hate crimes for a broad target group, including different ranks of the Carabinieri Corps and the National Police. This has also included the cascading of ODIHR's TAHCLE programme.
A World Without Nazism reported two murders and three cases of physical assault committed by the same man, who then went on to shoot himself. All of the victims were from Senegal.
The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported one incident of vandalism of church property.
Arcigay reported 32 physical assaults and 14 robberies, motivated by bias against LGBT people.
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that Italy intensify efforts to monitor hate crimes and adopt a broader definition of racist incidents that would include any incident that is perceived as such by the victim or any other person, noting that the current approach, in which official figures are recorded according to the perception of law enforcement, most likely under-represents the number of actual hate crimes. ECRI also noted cases of violence against Roma and migrants, especially those from Africa, Asia and Romania, in its fourth periodic report on Italy.
The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights visited Italy, noting that violent attacks against Roma reflect a need for the government to improve its responses to racially motivated violence in general.
Official figures record 34 hate crimes under the category of “race/colour” and ten hate crimes under the category of “ethnicity/national origin/minority".
Official figures record 24 hate crimes, without specifying the underlying bias.
The Holy See reported one case of grave desecration, five cases of vandalism of church property, and three cases of vandalism of churches.