LICRA reported 14 physical assaults, including one perpetrated by a group and one that involved the use a knife; two threats; two incidents of damage to property; one theft and three cases of vandalism. The European Centre for Democracy Development reported one physical assault. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) reported one threat.
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Report Data - France - 2015
The Ministry of Justice issued an instruction on strengthening the pedagogical nature of sentencing for hate crime offenders. The instruction invites prosecutors to publicize their decisions in these cases, where possible, and to establish partnerships with national memory sites and other remembrance institutions.
The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior have jointly created a network of investigators and magistrates sensitized to the specificities of hate crimes, in order to improve the experience of victims or those who report incidents. This experiment has been piloted in Provence and aims to increase the reporting of hate crimes. Lessons learned will inform the training strategy for investigators at the national level.
The European Centre for Democracy Development, the Jewish Community Protection Service (SPCJ), the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) and the Kantor Centre reported one incident in which four people were murdered and 25 held hostage in a kosher supermarket. The SPCJ and the ADL reported one physical assault, in which a man was stabbed.
The SPCJ also reported 66 physical assaults and 359 cases of vandalism, including 250 incidents of graffiti and 259 threats. LICRA reported 10 physical assaults, including one resulting in a miscarriage; one sexual assault; one attempted physical assault; eight threats; two incidents of burglary and four incidents of vandalism.
The ADL also reported an incident in which 14 people were poisoned after a synagogue’s lock was covered with poison; eight physical assaults, including two committed during a robbery; two threats; one case of vandalism; and one incident of damage to property targeting a Jewish library.
The European Centre for Democracy Development reported one physical assault perpetrated with a knife, one incident of the desecration of a grave and two incidents of vandalism. The ADL and Kantor Centre reported an incident of the desecration of graves.
The Association against Islamophobia in France (CCIF) and the Organization Racism Islamophobia Watch (ORIW) reported one murder, one physical assault, three arson attacks, one incident of vandalism, three cases of damage to property and one case of the desecration of graves. The CCIF and ENAR reported three additional physical assaults.
The CCIF also reported 33 physical assaults, three attempted physical assaults, five arson attacks, two attempted arson attacks, 26 incidents of vandalism, six cases of damage to property, four threats and ten incidents of the desecration of graves.
LICRA reported one attempted murder, four physical assaults, one threat, one incident of damage to property and one case of vandalism. The ORIW also reported three physical assaults, three threats, one incident of damage to property, four cases of vandalism, two arson attacks and one attempted arson attack.
Jehovah’s Witnesses – France reported four physical assaults; four incidents of damage to property against places of worship; 12 incidents vandalism, including nine with graffiti; two incidents of the desecration of graves; and one threat.
The Observatory of Christianophobia (OC) reported one physical assault and 29 thefts, nine of which were also reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC). The OC further reported one robbery and one attempted robbery; nine incidents of damage to property; one attempted arson attack; 22 cases of vandalism, of which two were also reported on by the OIDC; nine desecrations and 12 cases of hacking targeting the websites of dioceses, parishes and catholic associations, one of which also reported on by the OIDC.
The OIDC reported a physical attack on Christian refugees, which was carried out by a group using a knife and resulted in the death of a victim; two thefts; four incidents of vandalism; and the desecration of a grave.
In its fifth report on France, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended amendments to the Criminal Code to include racist, homophobic and transphobic motivations as aggravating circumstances in criminal offences. ECRI also recommended that the authorities establish partnerships with civil society organizations working with Roma communities and people with disabilities to overcome under-reporting and to ensure that hate crime data-collection systems allow the disaggregation of data and the tracking of cases through the criminal justice system.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported 20 physical assaults, including ten perpetrated with metallic bars and nine with tear gas. Victims were identified as migrants or refugees.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported two cases of damage to property against Mosques.
ODIHR observes that France has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias motivations have not been reported.
Official figures recorded 739 racist hate crimes, including 69 physical assaults, three arson attacks, 31 incidents of damage to property and 249 cases of threats.
Official figures recorded 715 anti-Semitic hate crimes, including 31 homicides, 66 physical assaults, 109 cases of damage to property, 250 incidents of vandalism and 259 cases of threats.
Official figures recorded 336 hate crimes motivated by anti-Muslim bias, including 29 physical assaults, 18 arson attacks, 74 cases of damage to property, 175 incidents of vandalism and 40 cases of threat.
In the framework of the "Action Plan against Racism and Anti-Semitism 2015-2017," a circular was published on 4 December 2015. This circular instructed prosecutors to request sentences that include an educational component as part of perpetrator's sentences.
The Holy See reported one incident of physical assault, which was also reported by the Observatory of Christianophobia (OC). The Holy See also reported 22 incidents of vandalism, including 21 reported by the OC and eight reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC); seven incidents of graffiti, six of which were also reported by the OC and two also reported by the OIDC.
The Holy See reported an additional 27 thefts, 21 of which were reported by the OC and five reported by the OIDC; five incidents of the desecration of churches, of which the OC reported on four and the OIDC one; 30 incidents of the desecration of graves, including five reported by the OIDC; two incidents of damage to property; 15 incidents of actual or attempted arson, of which the OC reported 14 and the OIDC six; one threat; and four incidents of hacking.