Racism Islamophobia Watch reported one case of racist threats, in which letters were sent specifically to people of North African descent; a burglary that also involved racist graffiti and property damage against a Muslim funeral home; and two cases of graffiti.
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Report Data - France - 2014
The Ministry of Justice issued an instruction on strengthening the pedagogical nature of sentencing for hate crime offenders. The instruction invites prosecutors to publicize their decisions in these cases, where possible, and to establish partnerships with national memory sites and other remembrance institutions.
The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior have jointly created a network of investigators and magistrates sensitized to the specificities of hate crimes, in order to improve the experience of victims or those who report incidents. This experiment has been piloted in Provence and aims to increase the reporting of hate crimes. Lessons learned will inform the training strategy for investigators at the national level.
The European Roma Information Office (ERIO) reported one physical assault against a Roma boy, carried out by a group, during which he was stuffed into a supermarket trolley and left on the side of the road.
The Jewish Community Protection Service (SPCJ) reported 107 cases of physical violence, of which at least nine were carried out by a group, and at least 15 caused serious injuries, and one incident in which bullets were fired, hitting a worshipper in a synagogue. Many incidents involved spitting, pushing and slapping, and many victims were wearing Jewish symbols.
The SPCJ and the Kantor Center reported one physical assault carried out by a group during which a woman was sexually assaulted, one incident of threats carried out by a group, and one arson attack.
The SPCJ reported a further four arson attacks; 126 incidents of vandalism, many of which were connected with anti-Israel demonstrations during the conflict in Gaza; 289 incidents of graffiti, many of which involved swastikas being painted on synagogues; one bias-motivated robbery; one incident of the desecration of a grave; and 14 threats.
Racism Islamophobia Watch reported an arson attack on a mosque; a case of graffiti on a mosque, and a further case of the desecration of a place of worship, in which pork sausages were left on the site of a future mosque; and one case of threats, in which threatening letters were specifically sent to people perceived to be Muslim. Racism Islamophobia Watch and the Collective against Islamophobia in France (CCIF) reported a burglary that also involved racist graffiti and property damage against a Muslim funeral home.
The CCIF also reported seven incidents of physical assault, six of which targeted women who had their headscarves removed. Of these six incidents, one involved sexual assault and two targeted pregnant women. The CCIF also recorded two incidents of threats against women and their children, an arson attack on a mosque, two incidents of the desecration of mosques in which the perpetrators used pigs' parts and one incident of graffiti.
The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported four incidents of arson; three incidents of theft in churches, all of which involved vandalism; ten incidents of vandalism, and; eight incidents of damage to property. The Observatory also reported six incidents of the desecration of places of worship, four of which took place in churches and involved the desecration of communion bread, and one denial of service attack on a Catholic website.
Jehovah's Witnesses – France reported one incident of sexual assault on a woman, 17 incidents of physical assaults, including two in which religious materials were damaged, eight incidents of threats, including three that involved firearms, 16 incidents of damage to property and 24 incidents of vandalism, including three incidents in which excrement was used.
The Kantor Center reported one incident of graffiti.
World Without Nazism reported 13 physical assaults, including two carried out by groups and one in which an axe was used. Three arson attacks, 24 incidents of graffiti and four incidents of damage to property, including one in which explosives were thrown at a synagogue, were reported.
World Without Nazism reported three arson attacks, four incidents of damage to property, the desecration of one cemetery and four incidents of the desecration of a place of worship.
In his country visit report, the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe expressed concern at rising racist, anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim and homophobic rhetoric and acts. He stressed that the existing, solid legal framework needs to be complemented by more preventive and awareness-raising measures.
ODIHR observes that France has met most OSCE commitments on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias motivations have not been reported.
A new "Action Plan Against Racism and Anti-Semitism" was presented by the Prime Minister and will be implemented between 2015 and 2017 by the Interministerial Delegation for Combatting Racism and Anti-Semitism (DILCRA). Among other measures, the Action Plan includes: conducting hate crime victimisation surveys to reveal the scale of unreported hate crime; increasing the visibility of criminal justice system action against hate crimes by publishing the lists of sentences disaggregated by type of recorded bias; making bias an aggravating factor for all types of offences; and providing specialized assistance to victims of hate crimes.
The Public Defender of Rights has launched a website which includes information for the victims of racism, discrimination and hate crimes at: www.egalitecontreracisme.fr.
The Holy See reported one incident of physical assault that involved the use of a firearm; three arson attacks on churches, one of which was also reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe (OIDC); nine incidents of vandalism, including three that were also reported by the OIDC; six incidents of graffiti on buildings belonging to the Catholic Church, four of which were also reported by the OIDC; four thefts, including one reported by the OIDC, and five burglaries involving the desecration of communion bread, of which the OIDC reported one; one damage to property case; and four cases of grave desecration.