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Report Data - France - 2013

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 1838 - -
2017 1505 Not available Not available
2016 1835 Not available 583
2015 1790 Not available Not available
2014 1662 Not available 554

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

The Ministry of Justice issued an instruction on strengthening the pedagogical nature of sentencing for hate crime offenders. The instruction invites prosecutors to publicize their decisions in these cases, where possible, and to establish partnerships with national memory sites and other remembrance institutions.

The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior have jointly created a network of investigators and magistrates sensitized to the specificities of hate crimes, in order to improve the experience of victims or those who report incidents. This experiment has been piloted in Provence and aims to increase the reporting of hate crimes. Lessons learned will inform the training strategy for investigators at the national level.

NGO reports 
Organization Report 

The Jewish Community Security Service reported one attempted murder; 49 physical assaults, including one assault resulting in serious injury against a rabbi and his son; one assault against a Jewish family, in which an iron bar was used as a weapon; and one threat against the same school in Toulouse where a shooting took place in 2012. The organization also reported one arson attack; 52 incidents of damage to property, including synagogues, and one case where the wall of a Jewish school was urinated on; and 119 incidents of graffiti.

World Without Nazism reported three incidents of physical assault causing serious injuries, including one against a Jewish family that resulted in the hospitalization of two girls and one against a rabbi and his son; six physical assaults; one attempted physical assault with a knife against a Jewish girl; one attempted bombing; one attempted arson; and one incident of threats. They also reported two incidents of the desecration of synagogues; three incidents of graffiti; and one incident in which shots were fired at a Jewish community building.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Association Against Islamophobia in France (CCIF) reported 38 physical assaults, including 11 causing injuries and four in which weapons were used. Racism Islamophobia Watch reported one physical assault resulting in serious injury against a Muslim woman, during which the woman’s headscarf was also pulled off her head and ripped; three incidents of the desecration of mosques, including one where a pig’s head was left outside; and one incident of damage to a home.

World Without Nazism reported one physical assault against a pregnant Muslim woman wearing a headscarf, causing serious injury; a further three physical assaults, including one against a Muslim girl who was wearing a headscarf; one attempted physical assault; 17 incidents of the desecration of mosques, including three incidents where pork, and, in one case, a pig’s head, were left outside; two arson attacks, including one against a mosque; and one incident of graffiti on several buildings.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians reported 18 incidents of the desecration to places of worship – two of which included burglary– three incidents of arson, two incidents of damage to property and one incident of graffiti. The European Association of Jehovah's Christian Witnesses / Jehovah’s Witnesses – France reported one physical assault causing serious injury; a further 25 physical assaults, two of which involved the use of weapons; six threats; one attempted arson attack on a place of worship; five incidents of damage to property; 29 incidents of the desecration of places of worship; and four incidents of graffiti on places of worship. World Without Nazism reported one physical assault on a Catholic priest, 12 incidents of the desecration of places of worship, and two incidents of the desecration of places of worship.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Transgender Europe reported the murder of a transgender woman, in which a hammer was used. World Without Nazism reported a physical assault by a group on three employees of a gay bar, resulting in injuries.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

European Association of Jehovah's Christian Witnesses / Jehovah’s Witnesses – France reported a series of physical assaults against two Jehovah’s Witnesses, including one sexual assault against a woman and physical assaults against a man that also involved racist insults. World Without Nazism reported one physical assault against several Chinese students in which a glass bottle was used as a weapon, causing serious injuries.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

World Without Nazism reported one incident in which tear gas was sprayed into a Roma home and one arson attack against a Roma settlement.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
IGO Reports 
Organization Name 
Organization Report 

The Personal Representative of the OSCE Chairperson‑in‑Office on combating anti-Semitism conducted a country visit to France. Following the visit, the Personal Representative presented his recommendations, which included enhancing data collection on hate crimes, police training on hate crimes, security assistance to Jewish communities and taking steps to combat cyberhate.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Name 
Organization Report 

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published findings from a survey on experiences and perceptions of anti-Semitism conducted in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The survey showed that many respondents have been victims of anti-Semitic violence and harassment, and feared becoming hate crime victims in the future. The survey also mapped the extent of unreported anti-Semitic hate crime. FRA recommended that EU Member States consider taking a number of steps to improve the reporting, recording, investigating and prosecuting of hate crimes.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
ODIHR Recommendations 

ODIHR observes that France has met OSCE commitment on hate crime data collection and reporting. ODIHR further observes that data on certain OSCE-mandated bias observations have not been reported and that France did not report sentencing data for 2013.

National Developments 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

The Ministry of Justice continued to implement its National Action Plan against Racism and anti-Semitism, which involves the following: reforming the statistical system to enable a better understanding of racist and anti-Semitic hate crimes; better alignment of hate crime statistics across the Ministries of Justice and the Interior; setting up a web-based platform to report racism and anti-Semitism on the Internet; implementing an agreement with the non-governmental organization LICRA to support victims of discrimination; creating anti-discrimination focus points in magistrates’ offices and establishing specialist prosecutors. In addition, the Department of Justice and Freedoms co-operated with the Ministry of the Interior to harmonize their analysis of and information about hate crime, and to make it accessible to the public. An inter-ministerial circular was signed and highlights the importance of the web-based platform, while encouraging co-ordination among investigation agencies.

Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

The French government also carried out a number of specific actions in relation to responding to hate crime based on bias against LGBT people. This included the following: the release of an interim report on the government action programme against violence and discrimination committed on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity; the issuing of a circular setting out the appropriate criminal justice response to such cases; and the implementation of multidisciplinary training by the National School of Magistrates. In addition, the Minister for Justice issued an instruction for prosecutors’ offices that highlighted the following issues: the need to provide a firm and appropriate response to criminal violence and discrimination committed on the basis of bias against LGBT people; the need to enhance information services for victims; the importance of strengthening the relationship between the judiciary and specialized associations; the need to set up alert mechanisms for reporting and to ensure a timely response to offenses; and the importance of maintaining regular contact with the Rights Defender.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Offical figures record 97 physical assaults and 528 cases of threats.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 105 physical assaults, 318 cases of threats, two cases of damage to property, including one against a Jewish community centre and one against a Jewish school, 21 cases of damage to synagogues and two cases of the desecration of Jewish cemeteries.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 62 physical assaults, nine cases of the desecration of the Muslim section of a cemetery, 66 cases of damage to Mosques, and 164 cases of threats.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 197 cases of the desecration of a Christian cemetery and 405 cases of damage to churches.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 51 physical assaults, including 28 physical assaults resulting in serious injury, two cases of rape and one case of sexual assault; 33 cases of threats and three cases of theft.

Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

On 5 November, the Central Office of the Judicial Police of the National Gendarmerie was given the authority to coordinate hate crime investigations.

Holy See Reports 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Holy See reported four cases of grave desecrations. One of these cases, which was also reported by the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians, involved damage to a church building. Another case of damage to a church and two further cases of vandalism were also reported by the Holy See. French authorities notified ODIHR that they cannot provide information about individual cases.