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Bias against other groups - Sexual orientation or gender identity

Hate crimes against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people are motivated by a bias based on a person's sexual orientation or gender identity. In some instances, LGBT people have been portrayed by the media and politicians as a threatening and inferior group, posing a danger to public health and "traditional" structures, such as marriage and the family. LGBT people continue to experience stigmatization and lack of legal protection from discrimination and hate crime. ODIHR's annual reporting on hate crime has included reports of physical assaults and murders, with transgender people being particularly at risk. Serious physical assaults carried out by groups, especially around pride parades, are also common features of hate crimes against LGBT people.

Recording practices vary, with some states recording hate crimes against transgender persons as a separate category and/or including crimes against intersex people within this category. The number of NGOs reporting on hate crimes against LGBT has grown markedly in recent years. Reports from NGOs to ODIHR suggest that mistrust of authorities, as well as an unwillingness or fear to reveal one's own sexual orientation or gender identity contributes to significant under-reporting of hate crimes targeting this group.

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SELECT YEAR

International Reports

Armenia

The Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe published relevant recommendations in her "Report following a visit to Armenia."

Finland

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on Finland."

Georgia

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Conclusions on the implementation of the recommendations in respect of Georgia."

Ireland

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on Ireland."

Latvia

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on Latvia."

Netherlands

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on the Netherlands."

Norway

The United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) published relevant recommendations in its "Report from the Thirty-third session: Summary of stakeholders' submissions on Norway."

Poland

The United Nations Committee against Torture published relevant recommendations in its "Concluding observations on the seventh periodic report of Poland."

Romania

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on Romania."

Russian Federation

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published relevant recommendations in its "Fifth Report on the Russian Federation."

Slovakia

The United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) published relevant recommendations in its "Report from the Thirty-second session: Compilation of UN information on Slovakia."