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Report Data - Poland - 2013

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 886 320 260
2016 874 281 236
2015 263 229 195
2014 778 179 127
2013 757 116 53

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

A police coordinator for fighting hate crimes in cyberspace was appointed to the Bureau for the Fight against Cybercrime. Additionally, co-ordinators for fighting hate crimes (one per Voivodeship) have been appointed in organizational units for fighting cybercrime in the Voivodeship police headquarters and the Metropolitan Police Headquarters.

NGO reports 
Organization Report 

The Never Again Association reported 18 physical assaults, nine of which resulted in serious injury and six of which were carried out by groups. Victims included individuals from Bulgaria, Egypt, Guinea, the Russian Federation (including two women and a child of Chechen origin), Sierra Leone, Sudan and Ukraine, as well as a man of Vietnamese origin. The Association also reported a further three arson attacks, including two against Chechen families and one against the home of a man of Indian origin, his Polish wife and her parents; seven incidents of graffiti, including on an African restaurant in Warsaw, two on a German Minority Association centre in Siemianowice Śląskie and one on the apartment of a mixed Polish and African family; one incident of threats; and three incidents of damage to property, including a series of incidents against a Turkish kebab shop and the desecration of a Greek Catholic church in Trzebiatów. World Without Nazism reported one arson attack against the home of a Chechen family.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Never Again Association and the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage in Poland reported one incident of the desecration of a cemetery and one incident of graffiti. The Never Again Association and World Without Nazism reported one incident of graffiti. The Never Again Association reported a further six incidents of the desecration of Jewish cemeteries, including one incident where most of the tombstones in the cemetery were destroyed, and a further four incidents of graffiti, including two on synagogues. World Without Nazism reported one incident of threats; one attempted physical assault against an Orthodox Jewish man; six incidents of the desecration of Jewish cemeteries; four incidents of the desecration of synagogues; and 11 incidents of graffiti and one incident of the desecration of a Holocaust memorial.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Never Again Association reported a series of physical assaults, which also involved anti-Muslim and racist insults, against two men and two women in a restaurant owned by Syrians. The organization also reported one arson attack against a mosque and two incidents of graffiti, one on a mosque and the other on a shop. World Without Nazism reported an arson attack against a mosque.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Never Again Association reported one incident of the desecration of a place of worship, also involving an anti-Semitic bias. It also reported one incident of graffiti, which also involved a racist or xenophobic bias.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Campaign Against Homophobia reported 34 physical assaults, including 20 physical assaults resulting in serious injuries, one arson attack, three incidents of damage to property and 82 threats. The Never Again Association reported four physical assaults, including one assault resulting in serious injury against a gay man who subsequently required hospital treatment; one attack by a group against LGBT activists, with one victim suffering a broken rib; an attack against a gay couple on the metro; and a series of physical assaults against organizers of gay pride events, in which perpetrators threw eggs and bags filled with water. The association also reported one case of graffiti on the apartment of a transgender woman; one case of the vandalism of a permanent outdoor art installation in Warsaw; and a smoke grenade attack against a building hosting a film event on LGBTI issues. World Without Nazism reported one physical assault.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Never Again Association reported three physical assaults carried out by groups, including one against children and a teacher who was trying to protect them; an attack against a Roma family’s home that involved tear gas and caused damage to windows; and an attack against two Roma women and a child. The Association also reported one threat, an incident of incitement to violence and two incidents of graffiti.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
IGO Reports 
Organization Report 

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported two arson attacks in Białystok against a Chechen family and against a Polish-Indian family.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a physical assault and an arson attack against a Roma family by a group.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported several cases of the desecration of synagogues and cemeteries.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a physical assault against a gay man in Warsaw in connection with the Warsaw Pride parade.

Description Type 
Reports
ODIHR Recommendations 

ODIHR observes that Poland has not reported on hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech.

National Developments 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Ministry of the Interior recorded 55 hate crimes and hate incidents motivated by racism and xenophobia.

Bias Motivation 
Organization Report 

This number consists of 47 cases categorized by the Ministry of the Interior as racist and xenophobic acts, and eight cases categorized as offences against "other minorities". Data on anti-Semitic attacks and bias against Roma are also recorded and are presented separately.

Not all of these cases are criminal offences and, therefore, some of them may not be included in the overall number. In general, however, cases reported by the Ministry of the Interior are included in the overall police figure (757).

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Ministry of the Interior recorded 12 hate crimes and hate incidents motivated by bias against Roma and Sinti.

Bias Motivation 
Organization Report 

Not all of these cases are criminal offences and, therefore, some of them may not be included in the overall number. In general, however, the cases reported by the Ministry of the Interior are included in the overall police figure (757).

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Ministry of the Interior recorded 25 hate crimes and hate incidents motivated by anti-Semitism.

Bias Motivation 
Organization Report 

Not all of these cases are criminal offences and, therefore, some of them may not be included in the overall number. In general, however, the cases reported by the Ministry of the Interior are included in the overall police figure (757).

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Ministry of the Interior recorded 25 hate crimes and hate incidents motivated by anti-religious bias.

Organization Report 

Not all of these cases are criminal offences and, therefore, some of them may not be included in the overall number. In general, however, the cases reported by the Ministry of the Interior are included in the overall police figure (757).

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Ministry of the Interior recorded 8 hate crimes and hate incidents motivated by bias on the basis of sexual orientation.

Organization Report 

Not all of these cases are criminal offences and, therefore, some of them may not be included in the overall number. In general, however, the cases reported by the Ministry of the Interior are included in the overall police figure (757).

Organization Report 

Official law-enforcement figures record 757 hate crimes without specifying the underlying biases of these crimes.

The figure includes a homicide, 207 physical assaults, three cases of incitement to violence, 279 cases of attacks against places of worship and 267 cases of threats or threatening behaviour.

The 126 cases reported by the Ministry of the Interior, displayed above by bias motivation, are mostly included in this overall figure; however, for technical reasons they are also presented separately in the above sections on hate crimes recorded by bias motivation.

Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

The Polish Police continued to provide training for police officers on hate crimes delivered as part of ODIHR’s TAHCLE programme. In 2013, on recommendation of the Ministry of Interior, the management of police units was included in the training programme.

In July 2013, the Prosecutor General designated two district prosecutor’s offices per region to lead investigations into hate crimes committed in the respective region. In each of the designated district offices, two prosecutors were put in charge of these investigations. In September, 96 of these specialized prosecutors received training on hate crimes.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

In February 2013, the Council for the Prevention of Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance was established to co-ordinate the government’s activities in preventing racial discrimination, xenophobia and related discrimination. In November 2013, the Council adopted a Framework Programme. The Council will be collecting information about events associated with a high level of risk in the context of intolerance directed against representatives of national and ethnic minorities.