ILGA-Europe published a handbook entitled Joining forces to combat homophobic and transphobic hate crime. As part of a project on working with the police and challenging hate crime in Europe, a seminar was held in 2010 on the dissemination of good practices, while another focused on developing training modules for police using LGBT joint strategies to combat hate crime.
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Report Data - no country - 2010
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A project co-ordinated by the Danish Institute of Human Rights and its partners from eight European capitals, entitled “Tracing and Tackling Hate Crime against LGBT Persons”, aims to support the reporting of hate crimes and to raise awareness. As part of these efforts, a website has been created with resources, including training materials and country-specific information about registering hate crimes.
The OSCE Mission in Kosovo reported 25 hate incidents targeting returnees in Zallq/Žac, involving physical assaults, stone-throwing, arson, property damage and threats. Elsewhere in Kosovo, the Mission reported two physical assaults against individuals, one assault against several people, one arson attack, and six cases of damage to property, which involved the throwing of explosives and stones. UNHCR reported one physical assault against a returnee and one case of damage to property.
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) commented on the need to better address racist crime in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Estonia, France, Georgia, Poland, Spain, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey.
The OSCE Mission in Kosovo reported one case of damage to a Church and the desecration of one cemetery. UNHCR reported two cases of the desecration of a cemetery.
The Council of Europe Committee of Ministers adopted the recommendation “Measures to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity”. Particular attention is placed in the recommendation on ensuring an effective criminal-justice response in combating hate crimes. This includes increasing punishment through sentencing provisions for crimes with aggravating circumstances, and improving victim support and data recording in cases of anti-LGBT hate crime.
The Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly adopted Resolution 1728 (2010), which endorsed the Committee of Ministers Recommendation to combat discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity and called on member states to take implementing action.489 The Parliamentary Assembly also adopted Recommendation 1915(2010), encouraging the Committee of Ministers, inter alia, to monitor the implementation of CM/Rec(2010)5 in member states.
The UN Human Rights Council, in its Universal Periodic Review, noted the need for states to strengthen measures to prevent, investigate and punish hate crimes, especially acts of violence against migrants.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) continued to examine cases that involved the obligation of states to take reasonable steps to investigate bias motivation where there is an indication that it has played a role in the commission of violent crime. In several cases in 2010, the Court declined to rule that states had failed to properly investigate possible bias motivation, noting that in these cases either the applicant had not raised the issue properly before domestic courts or before the ECHR, or that there was insufficient indication that racial bias motivated the violations.