The Hungarian Civil Liberties Union and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported a series of physical assaults, causing serious injuries to two Roma men that were carried out by a group using baseball bats. The Hungarian Civil Liberties Union reported a further physical assault.
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Report Data - Hungary - 2014
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Action and Protection Foundation and the Federation of Jewish Communities in Hungary (MAZSIHISZ) reported one incident in which approximately 50 gravestones were broken or knocked down and an incident of damage to a Holocaust memorial on the Danube. The Action and Protection Foundation reported an attempt to run over a man visibly identifiable as Jewish; 17 incidents of graffiti, and a further 4 incidents of damage to property; one incident of threat in which a man was threatened with a knife after intervening to stop graffiti being painted on a memorial; and one incident of attempted arson. The Action and Protection Foundation and MAZSIHISZ reported one incident in which graves were covered with anti-Semitic graffiti and two incidents of threats.
The Hungarian Civil Liberties Union and the Háttér Society reported a threat against a gay man in connection with the Budapest Pride event. The Háttér Society reported a further five physical assaults, four of which were against gay men, including one against a gay couple and one of which involved an attack by a group against several people who were participating in the Budapest Pride event.
The Háttér Society reported that the hate crime co-ordinator at the National Police Headquarters initiated regular meetings between the police and civil society organizations to discuss police responses to hate crime cases. Two meetings were held in 2014. In September 2014 the Working Group Against Hate Crimes, a coalition made up of Amnesty International Hungary, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, the Háttér Society, the Legal Defence Bureau for National and Ethnic Minorities and the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union, published a report describing 24 hate crime cases in Hungary from 2009 to 2013 and police responses to them. The report was widely quoted in the media and was discussed at the February 2015 meeting of the Human Rights Roundtable, a government consultation mechanism for human rights groups.
MAZSIHISZ additionally reported two physical assaults on Jewish men, one of which caused serious injuries, and one incident in which participants in a peaceful walk through the Jewish quarter were threatened by another group. MAZSIHISZ also reported two incidents of damage to property, including to a Holocaust memorial, the vandalization and burglary of a synagogue, an attempted arson attack on a synagogue and 20 incidents of graffiti.
In his country visit report, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights welcomed improvements in the legal framework against hate crimes and hate speech and urged the authorities to better investigate the possible racial motivation of offences and take appropriate sanctions against those who commit hate crimes.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that the Working Group Against Hate Crimes, a coalition made up of Amnesty International Hungary, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, the Háttér Society, the Legal Defence Bureau for National and Ethnic Minorities and the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union, published "Hate Crimes in Hungary: Problems, recommendations, good practices." The report covers key issues in improving responses to hate crime, such as addressing under reporting, proving legal representation, improving official recording mechanisms and ensuring effective state action.
In his annual report, the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe expressed concern at the increased frequency of violent acts targeting Roma communities, stating that all incidences of hate crime should be investigated, including those committed by law-enforcement officials.
It its fifth report on Hungary, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that the National Crime Prevention Strategy be revised to include measures against hate crime.
ODIHR observes that the law enforcement agencies of Hungary have not recorded the bias motivations of hate crimes.
The Holy See reported the burglary of a church in which the communion bread was desecrated.