In the report on its mission to Canada, the United Nations Human Rights Council's Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent, observed that the prosecutors play a crucial role in requesting from judges that sentences be aggravated by racist motivation and therefore recommended improving the understanding of anti-Black racism among prosecutors and judges.
You are here
Report Data - Canada - 2016
The Criminal Code's hate crime provisions were amended by including gender identity and gender expression in the list of protected characteristics.
At the Ministry of Public Safety Canada, the Communities at Risk Security Infrastructure Program (SIP) supported projects to help communities with a demonstrated history of being victimized by hate-motivated crime enhance their security infrastructure.
The Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence within the Ministry of Public Safety Canada administers the Ministry's Community Resilience Fund, which has been used to support research into hate speech and hate incidents and radicalization to violence and/or to develop effective prevention methods.
In its concluding observation on periodic reports of Canada, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) expressed concern that racist hate crimes remain under-reported and that the racist hate crime is not tracked consistently across Canada's ten provinces. CERD also expressed concern at the increase in hate crimes targeting Muslims. CERD recommended that Canada facilitate reporting by victims, ensure the effective investigation of racist hate crimes and prosecute and sanction perpetrators. It recommended that Canada should also systematically track hate crimes across the criminal justice system, train law enforcement and judges on how to recognize and register hate crimes and address the reasons for the increase in hate crime targeting Muslims.
ODIHR observes that Canada has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.
This category captures hate crimes motivated by bias on the following grounds: Aboriginal, Arab / West Asian, Black, East and Southeast Asian, South Asian, White, Multiple Races / Ethnicities, Other Race / Ethnicity and Unknown Race / Ethnicity and bias against language.
This category captures hate crime motivated by bias against Catholics, members of other religion and unknown religion.
This category includes 171 crimes committed with homophobic motivation and seven transphobic hate crimes.