You are here

Report Data - Canada - 2016

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2017 2073 Not available Not available
2016 1409 Not available Not available
2015 1362 Not available Not available
2014 1295 Not available Not available
2013 1140 Not available Not available

Hate crimes recorded by police

National developments

The Criminal Code's hate crime provisions were amended by including gender identity and gender expression in the list of protected characteristics.

At the Ministry of Public Safety Canada, the Communities at Risk Security Infrastructure Program (SIP) supported projects to help communities with a demonstrated history of being victimized by hate-motivated crime enhance their security infrastructure.

The Canada Centre for Community Engagement and Prevention of Violence within the Ministry of Public Safety Canada administers the Ministry's Community Resilience Fund, which has been used to support research into hate speech and hate incidents and radicalization to violence and/or to develop effective prevention methods.

IGO Reports 
Organization Report 

In the report on its mission to Canada, the United Nations Human Rights Council's Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent, observed that the prosecutors play a crucial role in requesting from judges that sentences be aggravated by racist motivation and therefore recommended improving the understanding of anti-Black racism among prosecutors and judges. 

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

In its concluding observation on periodic reports of Canada, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) expressed concern that racist hate crimes remain under-reported and that the racist hate crime is not tracked consistently across Canada's ten provinces. CERD also expressed concern at the increase in hate crimes targeting Muslims. CERD recommended that Canada facilitate reporting by victims, ensure the effective investigation of racist hate crimes and prosecute and sanction perpetrators. It recommended that Canada should also systematically track hate crimes across the criminal justice system, train law enforcement and judges on how to recognize and register hate crimes and address the reasons for the increase in hate crime targeting Muslims.

Description Type 
Developments
ODIHR Recommendations 

ODIHR observes that Canada has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.

National Developments 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

This category captures hate crimes motivated by bias on the following grounds: Aboriginal, Arab / West Asian, Black, East and Southeast Asian, South Asian, White, Multiple Races / Ethnicities, Other Race / Ethnicity and Unknown Race / Ethnicity and bias against language.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

This category captures hate crime motivated by bias against Catholics, members of other religion and unknown religion.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

This category includes 171 crimes committed with homophobic motivation and seven transphobic hate crimes.