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Report Data - Belgium - 2013

Official Data

Year Hate crimes recorded by police Prosecuted Sentenced About these data
2018 1446 1006 -
2017 875 60 56
2016 845 70 59
2015 881 69 56
2014 1064 76 61

Hate crimes recorded by police

NGO reports 
Organization Report 

Antisemitisme.be reported six physical assaults and four threats, and mainly targeted Orthodox Jews, as well as an incident of graffiti where a house was covered in swastikas.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Racism Islamophobia Watch reported one physical assault against a Turkish boy, who was stripped naked and forced to drink beer and eat pork, and three incidents of the desecration of mosques, including one incident where pigs’ heads were left outside.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Cavaria reported seven physical assaults, including five assaults resulting in serious injuries, two of which were carried out by group and one in which broken glass was used, leading to the victim being hospitalized. The victims were mainly gay men, but also included three lesbians.

Organization Name 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

World Without Nazism reported a series of attempted arson attacks against the homes of people of Moroccan background.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

World Without Nazism reported one incident of graffiti.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

World Without Nazism reported a series of attempted arson attacks against the homes of people of Moroccan background.

Organization Name 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
IGO Reports 
Organization Name 
Organization Report 

The three Personal Representatives of the OSCE Chairperson‑in‑Office on tolerance and non‑discrim­ination made a joint visit to Belgium. Following the visit, the Personal Representatives presented their recommendations for the country, which included enhancing the relationship between law enforcement agencies and Muslim communities, police training on hate crimes and guidance on hate crime monitoring and data collection.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

In its fifth report, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) recommended that the Belgian authorities ensure that the new regulations for collecting data on racist, homophobic and transphobic incidents are applied in practice, and that they designate a contact person responsible for monitoring racist, homophobic and transphobic crimes in each police district.

Description Type 
Developments
Organization Name 
Organization Report 

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published findings from a survey on experiences and perceptions of anti-Semitism conducted in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The survey showed that many respondents have been victims of anti-Semitic violence and harassment, and feared becoming hate crime victims in the future. The survey also mapped the extent of unreported anti-Semitic hate crime. FRA recommended that EU Member States consider taking a number of steps to improve the reporting, recording, investigating and prosecuting of hate crimes.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
ODIHR Recommendations 

ODIHR observes that Belgium has not reported on hate crimes separately from cases of hate speech and/or discrimination.

National Developments 
Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 315 racist/xenophobic crimes during the first six months of 2013.

Bias Motivation 
Organization Report 

Where possible, data only relating to discrimination and hate speech offences are excluded. Hate crimes figures include incitement to violence based on racism or xenophobia against a group, a community or an individual.

Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

Official figures record 60 homophobic crimes recorded during the first six months of 2013.

Organization Report 

Data include discrimination and hate speech offences.

Bias Motivation 
Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

The Interfederal Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism and Discrimination (CECLR) carried out a number of activities with Belgian authorities in 2013. In Joint Circular Col 13/2013, the CECLR invited the Minister of Justice and the Minister of the Interior to set up a monitoring system to analyse the statistical data on discrimination and hate crimes and the reliability of police and public prosecutor recording mechanisms.

In addition, the CECLR carried out awareness-raising activities on hate crime with magistrates, prosecutors and the police; developed and released guidance on investigating and prosecuting hate crime; developed a hate crimes checklist for police in partnership with Antwerp police; and carried out trust-building activities in partnership with local complaint bureaus to encourage the reporting of hate crime in five cities.

Description Type 
Developments
Organization Report 

The ministries of Justice, Equal Opportunities and the Interior launched an Action Plan to address homophobia and transphobia.

Holy See Reports 
Description Type 
Reports
Organization Report 

The Holy See and the Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe reported the case of a bias-motivated murder of an elderly woman in a church. Belgian authorities confirmed that the case is under prosecution and that no bias motive had been registered.